Tuesday, December 24, 2019
Introduction Over the years comprehensive research has been accomplished and has determined that children raised by substance using parents are at an increased risk for developing substance use disorders (SUDs) in adulthood as a result of familial dissemination of substance abuse through both the environments in which the children are raised and genetic susceptibility (Merikangas et al., 1998; Merikangas Avenevoli, 2000). Unfortunately, there is an insignificant amount of literature examining the effects that the combined treatment and recovery of substance abusing parents has on the affected children. Information collected in 2010 shows that roughly 137,761 individuals were hospitalized as a result of alcohol or drug poisoning (Yoon,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The perspective of the dilemma of SUDs is that it not only affects the user, but it also their family and all those exposed to them. As the previously discussed statistics show, substance abuse is a substantial issue in our society. The problem of SUDs extends beyond the individual as it usually effects more than just the private life of the user. As a result of SUDs, individuals may in turn end up having involvement with the legal system, child protective services and may need to seek assistance from other government agencies. (Move to intro of 6th paragraph) Although, alcohol and numerous substances have been around and ingested in various ways throughout history, it is a fairly new epidemic. It was not until the mid-nineteenth century that we began to see new ways to use these substances, and different means to extract properties of such substances. It was during that time that cocaine was identified by chemists as the psychoactive substance of the coca leaf, and that morphine and codeine were first extracted from the opium poppy. It was also the time when the hypodermic needle was invented. It was not until the purifications and new found transmissions of such substances that we began to experience such increased risk (DuPont, 1997). Due to the new innovations in drug manufacturing and in the consumption of such drugs, The House of Representatives
Monday, December 16, 2019
Intense irritation is a short technique, enduring from minutes to a couple of days, and its principle highlights are spillage of plasma proteins or liquid and development of leukocytes into an extravascular region. These cell and vascular responses are intermediated by compound variables created from cells or plasma and are in charge of the great clinical side effects of irritation, for example, swelling, redness, agony, warmness, and loss of capacity. Despite the fact that a provocative answer can occur in any damaging jolt, the normal for this procedure is the response of the vascularized connective tissue (Hardin 2007). We will write a custom essay sample on Intense Irritation or any similar topic only for you Order Now There are three fundamental stages in intense fiery reactions which incorporate more prominent bloodstream to aggravate zone, trailed by vasodilatation and enhanced vascular penetrability with spillage of plasma from the microcirculation, and phagocytic leukocyte movement to the encompassing tissue. Unending Inflammation and Diseases Inflammation exists in patients with contaminations, ecological illnesses (asbestos introduction and smoke inward breath, and so on.), invulnerable infections, and interminable sicknesses like diabetes, gout, rheumatoid joint inflammation, growth, et cetera. These days, it has likewise been proving that an assortment of ailments have indicated a provocative answer, for example, venous and interminable blood vessel sicknesses, myocardial ischemia.Currently, inflammation has become a vital topic for the study of human illness. Anti-inflammatory compounds, which have proven to be useful in one particular disease, could turn out to be useful in another disease. Interestingly, it could open a huge range of possibilities for intervention in utilizing anti-inflammatory compounds (Hardin 2007)2.4.3. Anti-Inflammatory Potential of Medicinal Plants Active ConstituentsA significant number of the fiery maladies are ending up surely understood in maturing society all through the world. The clinically utilized calming drugs experience the ill effects of the disadvantage of symptoms and the high cost of treatment (if there should arise an occurrence of biologics). Rather than these medications are customary prescriptions and common items, which offer an awesome expectation in the ID of bioactive lead fixings and their improvement into drugs for treating provocative infections. Since antiquated circumstances, customary meds and phytopharmaceuticals are being utilized for the cure of provocative and different protests (Sirtori 2001). The provocative pathway is a complex biochemical pathway which, once exchanged by damage, prompts the creation of fiery middle people whose underlying impact is torment and tissue harm, trailed by mending then recuperation. The majority of studies have additionally demonstrated that NSAIDs can defer muscle renaissance and may diminish tendon, ligament, and ligament mending. In particular, NSAIDs are accepted to wipe out the whole provocative intervened proliferative period of mending identified with WBC activities (days 0Ã¢â¬â 4). An investigation of the impacts of NSAIDs on intense hamstring wounds was done in people by Reynolds, and these agents reasoned that patients who utilized NSAIDs did not encounter a more prominent decline of agony and delicate tissue swelling when looked at inside the fake treatment gathering. Strangely enough, the creators noticed that the NSAIDsÃ¢â¬â¢ gathering had more regrettable agony identified with serious wounds contrasted and the fake treatment gathering (HaroldGÃ ³mez-Estrada 2016).The NSAIDs are likewise known to effectively affect kidney work. Lack of hydration or prior incessant renal disappointment or ailment may incline certain populaces to intense renal disappointment through restraint of prostaglandin amalgamation, which can happen when taking NSAIDs. The National Kidney Foundation helps that around 10% of kidney disappointments for each year are straightforwardly associated with considerable abuse of NSAIDs. An expected around 15Ã¢â¬â 20 million individuals in the US were utilizing particular COX-2 repressing NSAIDs on a long haul premise. These medications turned into the most regularly utilized pharmaceutical operator with more than 70 million NSAID solutions composed every year and 30 billion over-the-counter NSAID tablets sold yearly. It was evaluated that 5Ã¢â¬â 10% of the grown-up populace utilized NSAIDs, and among the elderly, the utilization of these medications was as high as 15%. The general utilization of these medications was because of the apparent absence of genuine gastrointestinal reactions that had been identified with the nonselective class of NSAIDs (HaroldGÃ ³mez-Estrada 2016).Because of the significant side effect outlines of steroidal and NSAID medications, there is a greater interest in natural compounds, such as dietary supplement and herbal remedies, which have been used for centuries to reduce pain and inflammation. Many of these natural compounds also work by inhibiting the inflammatory pathways in a similar manner as NSAIDs. Plant- extracted nutraceutical preparations have been used for hundreds and even thousands of years to obtain effective pain relief. Herbal medications are becoming increasingly popular because of their relatively few side effects. Nevertheless, there are problems related to these dietary supplements, and their use requires knowledge of their biological action, clinical studies (both affirmative and negative), and potential interfaces with other nutraceutical products and prescription medications. The evaluation of nutraceutical preparations with appropriately designed controlled studies has exploded in recent years. There is now a greater degree of confidence based on skillful study design and improved quality of the investigators that has strengthened positive findings found using natural ingredients to treat diseases. It is very important for healthcare practitioners to learn about these scientific studies to counsel patients who are taking various dietary additions, herbs minerals and vitamins for both disease treatment and prevention (HaroldGÃ ³mez-Estrada 2016).Curcumin is a naturally occurring yellow pigment derivative from turmeric (Curcuma longa), a flowering plant of the ginger family. It has traditionally been used as a coloring and flavoring spice in food products. Curcumin has long been used in both Ayurvedic and Chinese medicines as an anti-inflammatory agent, a treatment for intestinal disorders, and to enhance wound healing. Many clinical trials have demonstrated cur cuminÃ¢â¬â¢s antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antineoplastic effects. It may be considered a viable natural alternative to nonsteroidal agents for the treatment of inflammation. The usual dosage of standardized turmeric powder is 400Ã¢â¬â600 mg taken three times a day. Side effects are few, but with extended use, this agent can cause stomach upset, and in great cases, gastric ulcers may occur at very high doses. Green tea has long been known to have cardiovascular and cancer preventative characteristics due to its antioxidant properties. Its use in the treatment of arthritic sickness as an anti-inflammatory agent has been recognized more recently. Green tea research now reveals both anti-inflammatory and chondro protective effects. The usual recommendation is 3 to 4 cups of tea a day. Green tea extract has a typical dosage of 300 -400 mg. Green tea can cause stomach annoyance in some, and because of its caffeine content, a decaffeinated variety is also available; but the polyphenol content is currently vague.Pycnogenol, like white willow bark, is a nutraceutical material that has been used since ancient times. Pycnogenol is extracted from the bark of the maritime pine tree (Pinus maritima) and has been used for more than 2000 years. It has been considered helpful for wound healing, treating scurvy, healing of ulcers, and reducing vascular inflammation. It is one of the most potent antioxidant compounds currently known. Studies have shown that pycnogenol is 50Ã¢â¬â100 times more potent than vitamin E in neutralizing free radicals and that it helps to recycle and prolong the activity of vitamins C and E (Maroon, Bost and Maroon 2010). The Boswellia species are trees located in India, Ethiopia, Somalia, and the Arabian Peninsula, and they produce a gum resin called olibanum, better known in the western world as frankincense. This resin possesses anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, and analgesic properties. Clinically, the substance is used in the treatment of degenerative and inflammatory joint disorders. It reduces the white blood cell count in joint fluid, and it also inhibits leukocyte elastase, which is released in rheumatoid arthritis. In one recent study, a statistically significant improvement in arthritis of the knee was shown after 8 weeks of treatment with 333 mg B. Serrata extract taken three times a day. The treatment improved function, but radiographically there was no change in the affected joints.Capsicum annum is a small spreading shrub which was initially cultivated in the tropical regions of the Americas but is now grown throughout the world, including the US. The small red fruit normally used to accentuate chili owes its stinging pungency to the chemical, capsaicin. This was isolated by chemists more than a century ago and establishes approximately 12% of the chili pepper. This fruit has been used for various medicinal resolves by the native peoples of the American tropics for hundreds of years.Capsaicin can cause a burning feeling when it comes in contact with human flesh, and also in the digestive tract. This herb is rarely used alone but is usually mixed into other natural anti-arthritic preparations. There are topical capsaicin formulations now accessible to treat post-herpetic neuralgia. Other uses have been studied for minor neuropathies and chronic musculoskeletal pain (Maroon, Bost and Maroon 2010). Table 2.4 shows some products with natural compounds against inflammation. How to cite Intense Irritation, Papers
Sunday, December 8, 2019
Good music often has the ability to create an image in the listenerÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. Such is the case with Son, AmbulanceÃ¢â¬â¢s debut album Euphemystic. As one listens, it is impossible not to feel a variety of emotions. It is full of poetic lyrics, warm vocals, and beautiful instrumentation. Joe KnappÃ¢â¬â¢s unique vocals contribute to the album, creating an atmosphere that is hard to find in most music. At times, the album is oddly reminiscent to sitting and talking among friends. The album opens with the lyrically based song Ã¢â¬Å"An Instant Death.Ã¢â¬ It is melodically simple with repetitive instrumentation. The simple sound combined with the complex lyrics creates a song that is both enjoyable and meaningful. Appropriately enough, the track Ã¢â¬Å"An Instant Death,Ã¢â¬ is followed by the track Ã¢â¬Å"An Instant Birth.Ã¢â¬ This track is much more upbeat with catchy instrumentation, a description of suddenly being inspired in life. Next is the track Ã¢â¬Å"Seven Days. We will write a custom essay sample on Euphemystic by Son, Ambulance or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Ã¢â¬ This is yet another successful song, featuring layered vocals. Low-pitched, almost spoken lines underlie the main vocals. These lines contribute to one another to create contrasting, yet somehow similar descriptions of love. Piano is the primary instrument throughout this song, beginning the trend throughout the album. The fourth track, Ã¢â¬Å"A Book Laid On Its Binding,Ã¢â¬ is yet another beautiful song with full instrumentation that seems to just fall together into the vocals to create a complex whole. From the opening lyric, Ã¢â¬Å"Our lives twist like woven threads on an endless loom of time,Ã¢â¬ it is clear that these lyrics will be beautiful, and the song does not disappoint. Toward the middle of the album, however, the album begins to drag temporarily. The fifth track is the Spanish inspired Ã¢â¬Å"Maria in Motion,Ã¢â¬ which occasionally has an almost irritating sound. The song on a whole is good, but there are portions that detract from it. The sixth and seventh tracks, Ã¢â¬Å"AnonymousÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Like A FriendÃ¢â¬ are both weaker tracks, as well, although not unpleasant to listen to. These songs have weak melodies and simple instrumentation, so they do not grab at the listener like the other tracks on the album. The album picks up quickly, however, with the eighth track, Ã¢â¬Å"I Promise YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll Never Grow Old.Ã¢â¬ It is upbeat, catchy, and cheerful. The melody is wonderful, and it feels like a song of summer. It is a love song of the oddest kind, telling of a relationship that has ended, but the story is told without bitterness, only joy about what had been. The ninth track Ã¢â¬Å"A New Dress for MaybellÃ¢â¬ relies solely on piano instrumentation. It is another sad song, but there is a message of hope throughout. The album ends with what may very well be the best song of all. It is titled Ã¢â¬Å"VioletÃ¢â¬ and features vocals by Conor Oberst of Bright Eyes. It is quite different from the rest of the album, featuring jazz and blues influences. The piano is used to produce full chords, and the lyrics are beautiful. This is easily one of the most emotional songs on the album. This is a song that can be felt. It ends on a hopeful, powerful note, a perfect end to the album. Despite a few weak tracks, Euphemystic is definitely a success. It is an album that can actually cause the listener to view things differently. Anyone who enjoys indie music, poetic lyrics, and beautiful music should definitely give it a listen.
Saturday, November 30, 2019
In this module we will be looking closely at how to approach close reading of fiction with our Senior English students. We will: think about text selection. think holistically about what a fiction unit might cover. understand some generic elements of prose fiction as a form and how they might be taught. learn how to develop 3 level guides as prompts for close reading. Lets begin by discussing the novels we might use with a senior English class. In most departments, teachers are free to choose texts for study with their class (departmental resources will limit the scope of your choice). It is important that you develop an idea of what you think is suitable for a senior class. Think back to your own experiences with prose fiction study and to texts you have enjoyed reading independently. Are there any you would consider appropriate for study with a year 11, 12 or 13 class? Why? Activity 1:1:1: Discussion Forum Texts for study Narrative study an overview The study of narrative is the study of how stories are told. We will write a custom essay sample on Prose Fiction in the English Classroom or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page When we study prose fiction, we are looking in detail at the choices that the author has made and how those choices combine to create a particular piece of writing. It is important to convey to your students the idea that nothing happens by accident; everything contained in the novel /short story is a product of the authors choices. These choices are made purposefully for a particular effect and to elicit a particular response in the reader. In order to help students understand this, we need to focus our study on the selection and organisation of material in the text. The following outline provides a useful overview of the headings we might include in a novel study structured around the selction and organistaion of material in a text. Read through the outline carefully. NarrativeNarrative is how a story is told. The how of story-telling involves techniques and conventions characteristic of narrative genres, e. g. narratives, anecdotes, news stories, parables. How involves: A) SELECTION(i) Vantage Point:1. Who tells the story. (Narrator) 2. Scope of the access. (Limited/omniscient) 3 Perspective in time (Removed/retrospective, immediate tense) (ii) Content:1. What are the significant settings? 2. Who are the significant characters? 3. What are the significant events and actions? B) ORGANISATION(i) The basis for sequence (plot) ii) The basis for juxtaposition. | Using this as our guide, lets look at how we might approach each aspect with a senior English class. In particular, we will discuss the activities, explanations and questions that might be of use. First though, we need a short story to read as an example for discussion. Read through the story A Piece of Yellow Soap by Frank Sargeson. Pre-reading At the very beginning of a prose fiction unit, it is common for a teacher to ask students to engage in an introductory activity. These activities are designed to draw students into the study of a text they have not yet read. A pre-reading activity might address itself to the theme of a piece of fiction, or be concerned with some aspect of style or form. Design a pre-reading activity you might use with a class studying A Piece of Yellow Soap, then add your ideas to the discussion below. Activity 1:1:2: Discussion Forum Pre-reading Point of View Once the pre-reading is complete and the students have read the text (hopefully), it is time to look in detail at various aspects of the text. It is not unusual for teachers to begin discussions on a novel/short story with a close look at the vantage point or point of view chosen by the writer. In my experience, students tend to struggle a little with point of view and the idea of a narrator, so it is important to have a clear explanation up your sleeve. Think about how you would describe the concept of point of view to a senior English class. And, just as a wee extra challenge, think about how you might make a connection between point of view and irony. Once you have pondered this, click on the link below to add your explanations. Activity 1:1:3: Discussion Forum Point of view Ok. Lets look at some resources that might help you. The art of the short story (page 22 of your readings) is a chapter taken from Close-Up on Literary text (Locke,2001) In the point of view section, the author asks readers to look closely at the narrator first. Read through the following excerpt and answer the 5 questions with reference to A piece of yellow soap. This introduction and these questions help students first to discover who the narrator of the story is, before they begin looking at the narrators influence on the story. They may still need to clarify the difference between the narrator and the author of the text. The next set of questions from The art of the short story helps them to do this. Once again, work through the questions with reference to A piece of yellow soap. The narrator of a story should not be confused with the writer. The writer of this story is Frank Sargeson. 6 On the basis of this story alone, which of the above questions can you answer if you substitute the word writer for the word narrator? 7 How would you go about finding answers to the questions that canÃ¢â¬â¢t be answered on the basis of information found in the story? 8 How might knowledge about Frank Sargeson contribute to your reading of this story? Once students have a firm understanding of the narrator and have it clearly differentiated from the author. It is time to begin looking more broadly at point of view. This invloves asking students to look at the perspective from which the story is being told. Work through the following explanation and questions reflecting as you do on the extent to which they help you develop a better understanding of the point of view. If you think of a story as providing a particular window onto the world a particular angle of vision then you are reflecting on the important notion of point of view. Point of view answers the question, Through whose eyes or from what vantage point am I viewing the action that is being presented in this story. (A useful analogy here is to imagine a movie camera and to think about how its location affects what we see when we are watching a movie. )9 From whose perspective is this story being told? 10 How much time has elapsed between the story being told and the telling itself? 11 How limited is the narrative point of view? To answer this question, try identifying the sorts of information that the narrator cannot access. 2 How involved is the narrator in the story? Is he quite central to the action or is he quite peripheral (like a witness to a motor accident)? [Language Tool Kit:Narrator: The voice one can identify as telling a story. Point of view: The perspective from which the events of a story are presented. Chronological time: The order followed by events as they actually happened. Psychological time: The order of events as they are recalled or reconstructed in a persons mind. ]Finally, we can distinguish between first-person and third-person narrators. A Piece of Yellow Soap is a an example of a first-person narrative, told from the point of view of a character who has quite a degree of involvement in the story being told. 13 Identify the pronouns in the first paragraph of this story which tell you whether this is a first-person or third-person narrative. | These explanantions and questions should prove useful in guiding students to a clear understanding of a narrator and his/her influence on the text. Time When we look at the ways in which the author has chosen to orientate the story, it is important to examine the authors treatment of time. When we do this, we are asking studnets to look at whether the narrators perspective is immediate (present tense), retrospective (past tense) or a mixture (see The art of the short story p. 25 of your readings for a table of tenses if you need clarification), and at the ways in which time is manipulated to suit the purposes of the author. The following exercise (from The art of the short story) is designed to make students think about the relationship between time and story-telling. As you read through them jot down some answers Time Activity You cant tell a story without thinking about time. The following log exercise is designed to make you think about the relationship between time and story-telling. 1. Write down in chronological order the things you did after you work up this morning. (You dont have to go on for too long. ) 2. Underline the words you used to indicate the sequence in time of what you were recounting. (First, then, later are examples of such words. ) 3. From the flow of events that have occured since you woke up, choose and describe the most memorable. 4. Add to this description an account of what lead up to or caused this event to happen. Reflect on what these questions are guiding you towards. What have you learnt by doing this activity? Or, what would your students learn by doing this activity? Activity 1:1:4: Discussion Forum Time Look back at our overview. As you can see, we have had a close look now at the elements that come under the heading of Vantage Point. We are going to take a quick detour now to plot because it makes sense to get a good grip on this before moving on to the content (character, setting etc). Plot Teaching plot can be tricky, mainly because it sounds deceptively simple. The key to students coming to grips with it is having a clear defintion of plot and some narrative structure terms to work with. So, how would you define plot to a senior English class? What are some plot elements that you would consider helpful in helping students understand the way a particular narrative is structured? Activity 1:1:5: Discussion Forum Plot The following extract from The art of the short story offers some clear definitions of a number of plot elements that may be of use to you and your students. As you read through them, try to connect as many as possible with specific parts of the short story A Piece of Yellow Soap. There are a number of plot elements that can be used to shape or structure a narrative. The selection and arrangement of these plot elements have an enormous impact on the effect a story has on its readers. although A piece of Yellow Soap is a very short story, it contains a number of plot elements. i Exposition: Exposition is the provision of important background information so that a reader feels oriented to what is happening in a story. How effective is the opening paragraph of this story as an example of exposition? ii Predicament: A predicament is a difficult choice difficult because it involves a character in a choice between two undesirable options. 2 What is the narrators predicament as described in paragraph one? iii Conflict: Most plots involve conflict. Conflict occurs in a plot when a character or groups interests are opposed by another character or group. 3 Why is the narrator in conflict with the woman? 4 On the face of it, the woman is the milkmans antagonist. Find evidence in the story that the narrator also feels himself in conflict with:Ã¢â¬ ¢ his firm;Ã¢â¬ ¢ the way his societys economy is organised;Ã¢â¬ ¢ certain peoples views about God. Conflict can also be internal. Internal conflict occurs when two parts of a character are in involved in a struggle with each other. 5 In what way might the narrator of this story be described as in conflict with himself? iv Rising action: The part of a story, often accompanied by tension and suspense, which leads up to a climax or some other defining moment. 6 In what way does paragraph two contain suspense? ) Climax: A climax is the highest point in a single action, the decisive moment towards which events appear to be heading . 7 Which paragraph (indeed which sentence), in your view, provides a climax for this story? vi) Denouement: This is a French word meaning unravelling. It refers to the process which follows a climax, where some kind of sense is made of the proceeding events. Sometimes the denouement involves a discovery or a disclosure. Sometimes, as in this case, it involves a moment of recognition a sudden growth in awareness or the realisation of some truth. In what sense, do the last two paragraphs of this story provide a recognition. 9 Is this recognition for the narrator, the reader (or both)? [Language Tool Kit:Exposition: The provision of essential background information early in the narration of a story. Predicament: A difficult choice between undesirable alternatives, often presented to a character early in a narrative. Conflict: A situation where the interests of characters or groups of characters are opposed. Antagonist: Usually, but not always, a character whose interests are opposed to th ose of the main character or group of characters in a story. Internal conflict: A situation where two parts of a single character are in conflict with each other. Rising action: The suspenseful part of a story leading up to its climax. Climax: The decisive moment in a story towards which events appear to be heading. Denouement: The process of unravelling or winding down that occurs in the aftermath of a storys climax. ]| Lets look, by way of example, at what we might do in the classroom to help students gain a better understanding of one of thesed terms: predicament. Once we have discussed the definition of predicament, we would need to help students pinpoint the predicament the narrator recounts in the short story. Having done this, it would be useful to engage students in a kind of role play activity to help them better understand the narrators predicament which is central to the story. This role play would be fun to do as a drama activity, using a voiced thoughts monologue. If this were impratical, it could also be done in the form of some expressive writing. Either way, the task itself might look something like this The milkmans predicament activity. Imagine you are the milkman and you are just about to go and visit the woman to ask her for money. What are you thining/worrying about? What thoughts are competing in your head? Try to use some quotes from the story and some of your own words. Activities such as this could (time permitting) be constructed for each plot element to help students develop a thorough understanding of the storys narrative structure. Character and characterisation Senior students seldom have any problems with the idea of character. By year 11, it is a term they are generally familiar with and comforatble using. Characterisation on the other hand is a different story. Understanding the term characterisation invloves students making the shift to seeing text as something that has been constructed by the author and that is constructed by the reader as he/she reads. This can be a difficult jump for some! So, how can we explain the difference between character and characterisation to senior English students? Keeping in mind that the term character refers to WHAT and the term characterisation refers to HOW, write some defiinitions that you might use with your students. Then, write some questions relating to A Piece of Yellow Soap that guide students to an understanding of characterisation. Activity 1:1:5: Discussion Forum Character and Characterisation For a clear definition, lets refer again to The art of the short story. Characterisation refers to the process whereby readers construct characters on the basis of evidence in the text provided by writers. This evidence can include:Ã¢â¬ ¢ actions;Ã¢â¬ ¢ thoughts, feelings and deliberations;Ã¢â¬ ¢ descriptions (from a narrator or another character);Ã¢â¬ ¢ dialogue| Setting Looking back to our overview of narrative study, the final remaining element under the heading of selection is setting. You may find students have a functioning albeit narrow understanding of the term setting as the place where the story happens. With a senior class, our task is generally to help them broaden this definition to include time and the cultural setting in which the text was composed and to help them to understand the ways in which setting is important in a prose fiction text. How would you explain to students what setting is and why it is important in a work of fiction? Design an activity that helps students understand the importance of setting in a piece of yellow soap. Activity 1:1:6: Discussion Forum Setting Style Style is a combination of the way a writer uses words, syntax and punctuation. In some books, the word texture is used to denote the characteristics of style a reader is aware of at any point in the narrative. As such it can be usefully contrasted with the term structure whicg refers to the organisation of the text as a whole. (Art of the Short Story). It would take far too long to look at all the possible terms and techniques that we might discuss under the heading of style. It might therefore, be more useful to discuss the particular features of style evident in A Piece of Yellow Soap, so that you can get a grip on how a style discussion might work ina classroom. Read through A piece of Yellow Soap once again, paying particular attention to its style. List some metalinguistic terms (terms used to describe language) you would use to describe the style of this short story. Select one sentence of the story that you believe would elicit an interesting discussion about style. Activity 1:1:7: Discussion Forum Style Theme The term theme is a problematic one. If we refer to the theme of a novel, then we imply that a theme is a central message put in by a writer who is deliberately concerned to raise an issue or communicate a lesson to the reader (The Art of the Short Story, p8. ) In the version of reading that this constructs, the reader is merely a passive recipient of the ideas in the story. How else might we look at the idea of theme (and reading in general)? How would you present the idea of theme to a senior English class? Activity 1:1:8: Discussion Forum Theme 3 level guides Just before we wind up this module, Id like to look at a type of resource that can be extremely useful when approaching close reading of a text with a class. The 3 level guide offers a set of questions which draw students into a close reading of a text. Students are asked to agree or disagree (providing textual evidence) with propositions grouped in three categories: Level 1: Reading for information Level 2: Reading to interpret Level 3: Reading critically Lets look at some examples from a 3 level guide written for Chapter 23 of the novel The Catcher in the Rye by J. D Salinger. Level 1: Holden has only a short converstaion on the phone with Mr Antolini. Level 2: Holden respects Antolini because he doesnt care about appearances. Level 3: Holden believes that natural ability is a stronger factor in what a person can do than education or training. Question 1 is straightforward. Students can go to the text and find a definitive answer. Level 1 questions involve facts that are direc tly stated in the text. Question 2 is more complex. It requires students to interpret a characters thoughts, words or actions in some way. They may need to refer to other parts of the text to do this. The level 3 question is still more complex. It requires students to apply a critical perspective to the text to examine the belief systems or prejudices at work in a characters actions. Sometimes, level 3 questions require students to examine their own beliefs and prejudices that are supported or challenged by the text. In your readings, you will find a copy of a short story commonly taught in year 11 English classes, The Outsider by Graeme Lay. Read through the first few pages of the short story. Once you have done so, come up with one questions for each level of a three level guide. Activity 1:1:9: Discussion Forum 3 level guide
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
In TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s volatile environment, your internet business demands premier web hosting solutions. Oxeo services are targeted and designed for those companies whose business relies upon their internet presence and function. Our solutions enable you to concentrate on your core business, leaving all your hosting concerns in our hands. Through combination of industry-leading technology and world-class support we provide our clients the ability to offer superior service and products to their customers. Our wide selection of hosting solutions allows for all serious business to find a perfect match for their needs. Our Cisco and Foundry network is located in one of the most secure facilities available in NYC, The Telehouse. We are connected to various major Tier 1 Providers through exceptional BGP4 routing and is monitored and updated continuously for the best performance. (learn more) You may come across some hosting companies offering web-space and bandwidth at cheaper prices. However, with the reliability and quality of hosting service directly related to price in the web hosting industry, after doing some research, you will find that in most cases their cheap offers are a precursor to unreliable equipment and little or no technical expertise and support. However should you come across a company that offers equable services for less, we will BEAT their price. Our services go way beyond the basic web hosting operations of most hosting companies, and are defined by the reliability of our network and the consistency of our technical support. Oxeo Web Hosting provides a broad range of customizable solutions from basic web and eCommerce hosting to complex arrays of managed servers. We choose to use only premium equipment, therefore the bulk of our servers are Dell PowerEdge Series. The platform of choice for our servers is UNIX with proprietary web-servers developed by us to maximize performance for traffic intensive servers. However ... Free Essays on Great Hosting Expectations Free Essays on Great Hosting Expectations In TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s volatile environment, your internet business demands premier web hosting solutions. Oxeo services are targeted and designed for those companies whose business relies upon their internet presence and function. Our solutions enable you to concentrate on your core business, leaving all your hosting concerns in our hands. Through combination of industry-leading technology and world-class support we provide our clients the ability to offer superior service and products to their customers. Our wide selection of hosting solutions allows for all serious business to find a perfect match for their needs. Our Cisco and Foundry network is located in one of the most secure facilities available in NYC, The Telehouse. We are connected to various major Tier 1 Providers through exceptional BGP4 routing and is monitored and updated continuously for the best performance. (learn more) You may come across some hosting companies offering web-space and bandwidth at cheaper prices. However, with the reliability and quality of hosting service directly related to price in the web hosting industry, after doing some research, you will find that in most cases their cheap offers are a precursor to unreliable equipment and little or no technical expertise and support. However should you come across a company that offers equable services for less, we will BEAT their price. Our services go way beyond the basic web hosting operations of most hosting companies, and are defined by the reliability of our network and the consistency of our technical support. Oxeo Web Hosting provides a broad range of customizable solutions from basic web and eCommerce hosting to complex arrays of managed servers. We choose to use only premium equipment, therefore the bulk of our servers are Dell PowerEdge Series. The platform of choice for our servers is UNIX with proprietary web-servers developed by us to maximize performance for traffic intensive servers. However ...
Friday, November 22, 2019
Vocabulary Word Groups - The Mind The Mind The words below are some of the most important used when talking about the mind and mental processes. Youll find an example sentence for each word to help provide context.Once youve learned the use of these words, create a mind-map to help you remember the vocabulary in a creative way. Write a short paragraph to help you start using your new vocabulary. The Mind - Verbs analyze You should analyze the situation very carefully. calculate Can you calculate large sums in your head? forget Dont forget to take your computer with you. infer I inferred that she wasnt feeling well from your conversation. memorize Ive memorized many long roles in my love. realize She finally realized that the answer was sitting right in front of her nose! recognize Peter recognized his friend from college. remember Anna remembered to telephone Bob yesterday. work out The Mind - Adjectives articulate Articulate people impress others with their use of words. brainy I have a brainy cousin who is an engineer for a company that makes airplanes. bright Here child is very bright. Shell go far. gifted George is a gifted pianist. Hell make you cry! imaginative If youre an imaginative person, you might write a book, or paint a picture. intelligent Ive had the honor to teach many intelligent people in my life. The Mind - Other Related Words brain The brain is a very sensitive organ. emotion Some people think its best to not show any emotion. Theyre crazy. genius Have you ever met a true genius? Its rather humbling. idea Tom had a great idea last week. Lets ask him. intellect Use your intellect to solve the problem Mr. Holmes. knowledge He has a wide knowledge of birds in North America. logic Mr. Spock was famous for his use of logic. memory I have a vague memory of that day. Remind me of what happened. mind Focus your mind and lets begin class. skill Verbal skills are an important party of his job. talent She has an incredible talent for music. thought I had a thought about the project. Can we talk? virtuoso The virtuoso played Liszt excellently. More Word Groups The BodyCelebrationsClothesCrime
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Phenomenology and Building seminar - Essay Example The place where I was born, the place where I grew up, the place which I learnt was called a house, a place that was so much more. It is difficult for me to describe how much this place means to me. It is the place where I took my first steps. Where I laughed and cried and grew up. It is a tangible representation of all my memories. Moving towards the history of my home, the historic value of this house is also very sentimental. When my parents got married they moved into this house. Thirty years ago it was constructed by the housing development in Tehran. However it seems older to me. Looking back at the last time I visited my childhood home I remember it all so clearly. Last year during my winter break as I went to Tehran I decided to go visit the old neighborhood. My cousin dropped me at the mosque near my home and I silently stared at it for a minute listening to the sound of the azaan. I was overcome with emotion because of the beauty of that sound and the way people left what t hey were doing and headed to the mosque to answer the call for prayer. The sound of azaan had always calmed me down and filled me with peace and hope. I had missed it a lot Moving on I walked on the footpath as I had done many times before. Then I was finally there. I was in my old neighborhood. There are so many times in life that we think that we would know how we would feel in a particular situation. Its times like these that we realize for our all knowledge, for all our experiences, for all our perceived understanding of things, how little we really know. I was here after twelve years. We had moved into a new house as I turned sixteen. Everything had changed so much.. I walked down the street and I smell the faint but familiar aroma of xangak and chelo kebab. I smile at the little children riding their bikes and running around. I see their motherÃ¢â¬â¢s watching them with such fondness from their driveways. I see so many faces. Strangely I recognize none of them. I see the tre es nearby and so many birds flying in different directions. I see the yellow bridge and it makes me happy as I remember standing on it as a child hoping to catch a fish. At this point Martin HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of dwelling crosses my mind. I had initially struggled to grasp what he had meant when he had related buildings to dwelling. How he had mentioned the fourfold elements of earth, sky, divinities and mortals as essential for the idea of dwelling. At this point I could see with certain clarity what he had meant. My house was located near a natural environment. It was how I had related to the overall environment, also known as Ã¢â¬ËplaceÃ¢â¬â¢ as Christian Norberg-Schulz would call it, and not just a structure of a building in which I spent a majority of my time in. IÃ¢â¬â¢m standing outside my house now. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a building of modest proportions. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a two storey family house built along a minimalist design. The character of which is defined from its semi hanging open terrace, a set of white pillars that start at the base and finish lightly touching the roof top, with huge glass windows and a small courtyard that provides shielding enclosure from the street while maximizing light and views.Ã I stare at the white residential security gate and I smile as fond memories flood my mind. I see myself struggling to climb over that gate and when tiring from the effort of doing so sitting right at the base with my feet hanging out and waving at people passing by. I can see my
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Challenge of Intercultural Communication Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words
Challenge of Intercultural Communication - Essay Example Intercultural perspective helps to deepen our knowledge and broaden horizons. During my studies I was involved in the common project with my Iranian friend, we provided each other with useful insights about our countries. Comparative analysis made our essays better and, as a result, we both got excellent marks. Even though now I understand how beneficial intercultural experiences might be, earlier I had some prejudice regarding meeting representatives of other cultures. I was especially suspicious about meeting Iranian men, whom I imagined as very closed-minded and even dangerous people. Probably, such prejudice was formed in my mind by popular mass media, talking a lot about Muslim terrorists and difficulties in negotiations with Iran. When I first met Ahmad, first representative of his race, ethnicity, nationality and religion, I was confused and hesitated to start conversation. However, our common task made me do so, and when we started talking, I realized that I met very interesting open-minded person with broad and yet deep knowledge in different spheres of social sciences. Ice was broken, we made a great common project and even became friends afterwards. Later on, I told him about my initial prejudice and we laughed together on it. This intercultural encounter has taught me to be mor e open to representatives of other cultures. I made more international friends which made my life more exciting. I believe that it is important to be able to overcome all stereotypes and prejudices as this is essential basis for our own well-being, the way to enrich our life and make it more interesting. Most importantly, this is the only possible way to peaceful coexistence in our world, which is so diverse and intercultural, though globalized and highly interconnected. Advertisement campaigns usually appeal to societal values, which are important for consumers. Companies try to understand the identity of the person who would buy the
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Significance of the study Essay Using a help desk management software leads to the increase in efficiency in operation as it allows for the solution of some of the redundant issues over call. This has the effect of reducing traveling costs and man-hour billing to field engineers as they go to customer sites. Research Question The purpose of this research is to determine whether purchasing COTS or building a service desk tracking application is best for the automation and tracking of the GovComm, Inc. Engineering Support ServicesÃ¢â¬â¢ Helpdesk. To answer this question, this research must explore: ? The entities of GovComm, Inc. Engineering Support ServicesÃ¢â¬â¢ Helpdesk ? Based on advantages and disadvantages, which qualities of each configuration best adhere to Engineering Support Services automation and asset tracking; ? If these applications fulfill stakeholders requirements Design and Methodology This research is qualitative, drawing mostly from a review of the literature on the subject of Helpdesk/support desk tracking applications and the battle of building versus buying to determine which application structure provides efficient asset tracking, failure notification, and metrics collection. GovComm, Inc.Ã¢â¬â¢s Engineering Support Services will be reviewed to discover details that might affect the factors that will contribute to the decision of choosing build or buy. From the review of the internal workings of GovComm, Inc. Ã¢â¬â¢s Engineering Support Services a decision will be made upon comparison with the inherent nature of the two systems of implementation. Chapter 2 Literature Review Automated office systems support (AOSS) is a model made up of teams of technicians in computer who are charged with the responsibility of providing a variety of support activities in a desktop computer environment and area networks for any organization. To ensure the provision of high quality services and products, each of these teams must follow the processes, standard and procedures. A process referred to as quality assurances is used in monitoring and evaluation of the level of adherence to the procedures processes and standard in a bid to determine the potential quality that the product will attain. Therefore, QA involves review and audit of the services and activities as a means of verification of their compliance with the relevant procedures and standards so as to assure the appropriate results are seen. The question of whether to buy or build an AOSS is one of the very complex decisions that an organization has to deal with in its daily activities. It is in deed a perpetual dilemma for the organizations that are contemplating on automating their office activities. Buying implies purchasing an off-shelf Automated office systems support that are produced in mass by some software company, more often multinationals (Leopoldo, 1999). The products typically contain contents that are not unique to a particular organizations or user population needs. Moreover, it is the general trend in the software industry to create new softwares that do no conflict with the existing and thus the technology can be implemented without conflict with the existing systems. Build imply the creation of Automated office systems support from scratch (Leopoldo, 1999). Therefore, the process of building requires the determination of the organizational needs, the data and information nature and needs of the organization, design of the system an the actual implementation of the system. The process of building may and often include testing the end product to ensure that its functionality are as per the objectives that acted as the basis for its formulation (Leopoldo, 1999). A decision to buy or build a Automated office systems support may seem to be complex but in reality it can be reduced to three considerations: Resources, Needs and uniqueness. The organization must clearly determine its needs and wants before a decision is made, this may involve identification of features which are critical in meeting the organizations needs. In determination of the organizational needs they must consider the following:? Organizational objectives ? Skills ? Information needs ? Culture ? Corporate direction. Meeting all the needs is an impossible event and therefore setting priorities is inevitable. Resources Resource as a factor is one that many organizations and individual would quickly jump at an opportunity to ignore. However, examination of resources is a very important aspect to the development agenda. Moreover, many organizations make the mistake of viewing resource in the monetary dimension only. Although money as a resource is quite critical, two other pieces; time and personnel, need to be considered to complete the puzzle (Shrapre, 1999). Time When taken in the context of either building or buying a Automated office systems support, time takes the following into account: ? The time that will taken in decision making. ? The developmental time of the Automated office systems support including the time taken in testing. ? The time taken in rolling out the Automated office systems support or implement it within the organization. Analysis of organizations against the three time variables helps in the determination of the importance of time in deciding whether to buy or build.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Dave Matthews Band Ã¢â¬â The Sons of Crash Ã All I want is for a voice to come out of the wilderness and the stereo to crackle in flames like the burning bush. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to have to ask, "Are you talking to me?" I want to know. -Ariel Swartley "The Wild, the Innocent and the E Street Shuffle" Music is a funny thing. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve listened to music all my life, thousands of songs, hundreds of artists. But only a few stick out; like my first real album (TiffanyÃ¢â¬â¢s self titled release. What ever happened to her?), or my first alternative album (the Red Hot Chili PepperÃ¢â¬â¢s Blood Sugar Sex Magik: I bought it on tape when I was 14 and listened to it so much that it wore out). Only one has become a part of who I am, the Dave Matthews BandÃ¢â¬â¢s Crash. Somewhere between its "So Much To Say" and "Proudest Monkey" my indifferent hearing turned into awareness, and I stopped listening with just my ears and started listening with my heart. When I went to my first class at Mary Washington College, my English professor- an interesting man, but temporarily an agent of authority- posed a question to us, one that at the time had as much meaning as "What did you do this summer?" He asked us to pick a Desert Island Disc. It really wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a hard decision; I was listening to the Dave Matthews BandÃ¢â¬â¢s Crash more than the rest of my CDs and I was pretty sure I could write the four papers on it required by the class. I really didnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand then the decision I had made. But out of respect and insecurity, I headed off to my desert island with Crash (cf. Mark 18). Most rock records arenÃ¢â¬â¢t hard to understand. They draw on commonplaces of community and adolescence: easy listening, good dancing, simple emotions, and sharp imagesÃ¢â¬ ¦ But [BeggarÃ¢â¬â¢s BanquetÃ¢â¬â¢s] cleverness makes the difference. Ã -Simon Firth, "Beggars Banquet" Simon Firth "changed [his] usual habits" in 1968, choosing The Rolling StonesÃ¢â¬â¢ Beggars Banquet over "The BeatlesÃ¢â¬â¢ more comfortable music," and was rewarded with "the most interesting rock record [he had] ever heard" (30). My musical snobbery ended in my junior year of high school, when my typical (and boring) choice of anything Ã¢â¬ËalternativeÃ¢â¬â¢: Metallica, Pearl Jam, Nirvana, The Red Hot Chili Peppers, was replaced with Garth Brooks, Blackstreet or my momÃ¢â¬â¢s favorite, the Dave Matthews Band. Dave Matthews Band Ã¢â¬â The Sons of Crash :: Music Dave Matthews Band Ã¢â¬â The Sons of Crash Ã All I want is for a voice to come out of the wilderness and the stereo to crackle in flames like the burning bush. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to have to ask, "Are you talking to me?" I want to know. -Ariel Swartley "The Wild, the Innocent and the E Street Shuffle" Music is a funny thing. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve listened to music all my life, thousands of songs, hundreds of artists. But only a few stick out; like my first real album (TiffanyÃ¢â¬â¢s self titled release. What ever happened to her?), or my first alternative album (the Red Hot Chili PepperÃ¢â¬â¢s Blood Sugar Sex Magik: I bought it on tape when I was 14 and listened to it so much that it wore out). Only one has become a part of who I am, the Dave Matthews BandÃ¢â¬â¢s Crash. Somewhere between its "So Much To Say" and "Proudest Monkey" my indifferent hearing turned into awareness, and I stopped listening with just my ears and started listening with my heart. When I went to my first class at Mary Washington College, my English professor- an interesting man, but temporarily an agent of authority- posed a question to us, one that at the time had as much meaning as "What did you do this summer?" He asked us to pick a Desert Island Disc. It really wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a hard decision; I was listening to the Dave Matthews BandÃ¢â¬â¢s Crash more than the rest of my CDs and I was pretty sure I could write the four papers on it required by the class. I really didnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand then the decision I had made. But out of respect and insecurity, I headed off to my desert island with Crash (cf. Mark 18). Most rock records arenÃ¢â¬â¢t hard to understand. They draw on commonplaces of community and adolescence: easy listening, good dancing, simple emotions, and sharp imagesÃ¢â¬ ¦ But [BeggarÃ¢â¬â¢s BanquetÃ¢â¬â¢s] cleverness makes the difference. Ã -Simon Firth, "Beggars Banquet" Simon Firth "changed [his] usual habits" in 1968, choosing The Rolling StonesÃ¢â¬â¢ Beggars Banquet over "The BeatlesÃ¢â¬â¢ more comfortable music," and was rewarded with "the most interesting rock record [he had] ever heard" (30). My musical snobbery ended in my junior year of high school, when my typical (and boring) choice of anything Ã¢â¬ËalternativeÃ¢â¬â¢: Metallica, Pearl Jam, Nirvana, The Red Hot Chili Peppers, was replaced with Garth Brooks, Blackstreet or my momÃ¢â¬â¢s favorite, the Dave Matthews Band.
Monday, November 11, 2019
There is no doubt that there is too many obese people in this world, and that is clearly a problem, but we are focusing on the wrong things in our searching for a solution. It is not the overweight itself and the thinking of a better look when all the kilos are gone, no, it is a good physicality that is the main drive or motivation that leads to a good and forever being los of weight. Too many of the obese people do not keep being thin when they have lost weight, because they are not supported on their personality, the particularly obese young boy or girl, have being abused and bullied because of their overwhelming weight, and look. That breaks the physical motivation in those young kids, and makes them take a part of this way of being treated, they accepts it and puts on a role as the Ã¢â¬Å"fat dudeÃ¢â¬ . Personality and losing weight has to expand i the same tempo to keep the necessary motivation, not just to loose more weight, but to get a stronger and more confident personality. One of the newest answers to the obesity problem, is the Ã¢â¬Å"TV-cycleÃ¢â¬ , a bicycle connected to the TV, so to watch television, the kids now has to get a movement in the pedals, if not, the TV will turn off. That is not a way to get rid of the obesity. Treating the obese kids otherwise than regularly weighting kids in average teenage activities is giving them the fat-kid role, and that will not strength their outer persona. Respect and accept from other kids is important to get the essential feeling that creates a confident personality, a person who believes in him/herself. Wathing Tv, playing computer, and eating fastfood, those things are not the main problems, they are just a part of what the physical breakdown effects. Everyone do those things once in a while, and everyone should do it if they want, but everything is healthiest in small doses, and that is on thing that the obese kids has to learn, i a way so it feels natural in their minds to think of exercising, healthy food and so on. Once i had a rule that everytime i eated couch potatoes, i also took an apple from our fruit bawl, and everytime i had been surfing on the internet for too long, i went to my garden and played football. Everyone can do that. Everyone do like some kind of good and healthy food, and everyone do know how to run, kick to a ball, hop, whatever. If we just treat everyone the same, there will be a place to evolve, from overweight to regular weight, and from unconfident to confident about ourselves, and our surroundings.
Saturday, November 9, 2019
Years ago when I was a small kid, there was a point in time when I thought I was going to die or was going to live in a way other than other normal people. I accidentally cut my finger with a scissors by mistake while I was at my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s work place for a visit. As a little child, I was very frightened by the look of blood and thought I was going to lose my finger or hand back then. My father used to be a banker working in one of the leading banks in Kuwait. I recall my father told me that he was going to be away for some time from his desk to do some important work and once he comes back he will get me chocolates and candy. While I was playing around at my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s office I picked up a scissors and starting cutting papers and then I screamed as I have cut myself by mistake in my finger. Moments after, a colleague of my father ran into his office and helped me. His name was Ali. He helped me clear the blood quickly and was very supportive. I recall AliÃ¢â¬â¢s response was exactly what a kid in such situation would hope for. He cared over me in delicate and nurturing manner. My whole world changed since that day, as a child I have developed love and respect to Ali and used to ask my father to take me to his office every school holiday to see Ali. I recall I used to prefer sitting in his office than staying at my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s. I grew up having the same thoughts till the day I have graduated from high school as I have then decided to study Accounting and Finance in order to allow me to work in a bank and be a good caring person like the people I used to see when I was a child at my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s work.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Indian Land essays Your house can be anywhere in the world just as long as you can survive in that area. The house that you own is on a property that your landlord owns. This means when you sell your house or when you need to fix your house you can complain or negotiate with your landlord. Then say that your landlord decides to come by to your house one day and decides to kick you to the curb because he or she wanted more space for their luxuries. This example of taking away your house which you have been living for quite a while, just so happen to the Indians around the 1600s. The British just one day set sail out of Europe and decides to obtain the land of Indians, who were there way before the first settler settle and takes away their right to live, to breathe, and to their free will. The Indians werent able to resist the encroachment of the British because there werent any advantage for them to take, have or use. For example, the Indians didnt have anything to defend themselves from the British. This means that the Indians only resources were stones and woods to made spears and bows. This shows that Indians couldnt become skilled at using or building a British weapon. In addition, the British effortlessly pushed the Indians here and there. This means that the British can either drive the Indians to the West or sell them as slaves in other colonies. This shows that Indians were mostly sold to plantations since they know how to plant several of food and they were cheap labor. Furthermore, when the British started coming to the Indians land the Indians population had been decreasing rapidly. One reason was that the British had brought to them new, strong, and also deadly diseases from their land to theirs. This shows that the Indians didnt have the strong antibioti cs to cure the new diseases and their warriors couldnt protect their homeland. Then again the Indians never had the advantage to defend the ...
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Battle of Globe Tavern - Civil War Battle of Globe Tavern - Conflict Dates: The Battle of Globe Tavern was fought August 18-21, 1854, during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Armies Commanders Union Major General Gouverneur K. Warrenapprox. 20,000 men Confederate Lieutenant General A.P. Hillapprox. 15,000 men Battle of Globe Tavern - Background: Having begun the Siege of Petersburg in early June 1864, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant began movements to sever the railroads leading into the city. Dispatching troops against the Weldon Railroad in late June, Grants effort was blocked by Confederate forces at the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road. Planning further operations, Grant transferred Major General Winfield S. Hancocks II Corps north of the James River in early August with the goal of striking at the Richmond defenses. Though he did not believe that attacks would lead to the citys capture, he hoped they would draw troops north from Petersburg and force Confederate General Robert E. Lee to recall troops sent to the Shenandoah Valley. If successful, this would open the door for an advance against the Weldon Railroad by Major General Gouverneur K. Warrens V Corps. Crossing the river, Hancocks men opened the Second Battle of Deep Bottom on August 14. Though Hancock failed to achieve a breakthrough, he succeeded in drawing Lee north and prevented him from reinforcing Lieutenant General Jubal Early in the Shenandoah. Battle of Globe Tavern - Warren Advances: With Lee north of the river, command of the Petersburg defenses dell to General P.G.T. Beauregard. Moving out at dawn on August 18, Warrens men moved south and west over muddy roads. Reaching the Weldon Railroad at Globe Tavern around 9:00 AM, he ordered Brigadier General Charles Griffins division to begin destroying the tracks while Brigadier General Romeyn Ayres division deployed to the north as a screen. Pressing up the railroad, they swept aside a small force of Confederate cavalry. Alerted that Warren was on the Weldon, Beauregard ordered Lieutenant General A.P. Hill to drive back the Union forces (Map). Battle of Globe Tavern - Hill Attacks: Moving south, Hill directed two brigades from Major General Henry Heths division and one from Major General Robert Hokes division to attack the Union line. As Ayres made contact with Confederate forces around 1:00 PM, Warren ordered Brigadier General Samuel Crawford to deploy his division on the Union right in the hope that he could outflank Hills line. Advancing around 2:00 PM, Hills forces assaulted Ayres and Crawford, driving them back towards Globe Tavern. Finally stemming the Confederate advance, Warren counterattacked and regained some of the lost ground (Map). As darkness fell, Warren directed his corps to entrench for the night. That night, elements of Major General John Parkes IX Corps began to reinforce Warren as Hancocks men returned to the Petersburg lines. To the north, Hill was bolstered by the arrival of three brigades led by Major General William Mahone as well as the cavalry division of Major General W.H.F. Rooney Lee. Due to heavy rain through the early parts of August 19, fighting was limited. With the weather improving late in the afternoon, Mahone moved forward to strike the Union right while Heth assaulted Ayres in the Union center. Battle of Globe Tavern - Disaster Turns to Victory: While Heths attack was stopped with relative ease, Mahone located a gap between Crawfords right and the main Union line to the east. Plunging through this opening, Mahone turned Crawfords flank and shattered the Union right. Desperately attempting to rally his men, Crawford was nearly captured. With the V Corps position at risk of collapse, Brigadier General Orlando B. Willcoxs division from IX Corps moved forward and mounted a desperate counterattack which culminated with hand-to-hand fighting. This action rescued the situation and allowed the Union forces to maintain their line until nightfall. The next day saw heavy rains descend upon the battlefield. Aware that his position was tenuous, Warren used the break in the fighting to construct a new line of entrenchments approximately two miles to the south near Globe Tavern. This paralleled the Weldon Railroad facing west before turning ninety degrees just north of Globe Tavern and running east to the main Union works along the Jerusalem Plank Road. That night, Warren ordered V Corps to withdraw from its advanced position to the new entrenchments. With clear weather returning on the morning of August 21, Hill moved south to attack. Approaching the Union fortifications, he directed Mahone to assault the Union left while Heth advanced on the center. Heths assault was easily repulsed after being hammered by Union artillery. Advancing from the west, Mahones men became bogged down in a swampy wooded area in front of the Union position. Coming under intense artillery and rifle fire, the attack faltered and only Brigadier General Johnson Hagoods men succeeded in reaching the Union lines. Breaking through, they were quickly thrown back by Union counterattacks. Badly bloodied, Hill was forced to pull back. Battle of Globe Tavern - Aftermath: In the fighting at the Battle of Globe Tavern, Union forces sustained 251 killed, 1,148 wounded, and 2,897 captured/missing. The bulk of Union prisoners were taken when Crawfords division was flanked on August 19. Confederate losses numbered 211 killed, 990 wounded, and 419 captured/missing. A key strategic victory for Grant, the Battle of Globe Tavern saw Union forces assume a permanent position on the Weldon Railroad. The loss of the railroad severed Lees direct supply line to Wilmington, NC and forced materials coming from the port to be off-loaded at Stony Creek, VA and moved to Petersburg via Dinwiddie Court House and the Boydton Plank Road. Eager to eliminate the Weldons use completely, Grant directed Hancock to attack south to Reams Station. This effort resulted in defeat on August 25, though additional parts of the railroad line were destroyed. Grants efforts to isolate Petersburg continued through the fall and winter before culminating in the citys fall in April 1865. Selected Sources CWSAC Battle Summaries: Battle of Globe TavernEncyclopedia Virginia: Battle of the Weldon Railroad Civil War Trust: Cutting the Supply Lines
Saturday, November 2, 2019
Social networking and politics - Essay Example Early childhood program is expanded such that all students can access to it. This will include provision of universal access to pre-kindergarten and kindergarten education background (Ishiyama 69). This will enable students to get smart and stable background of their education. Students with stable background will not be having problems in their future education. In addition, adults who dropped out of the education process can access affordable programs, which were created specifically for them to continue with their education. Collaboration was created between school and community to bring social services and education together under one roof (Stiftung 83). This strove to help students and families who are at risk. Qualified teachers should be equally distributed in all parts to bring changes in current practices affecting students who are at risk of being instructed by less qualified and inexperienced teachers. Class size limits: class size limits should be enforced and extended to allow each student to get access and receive necessary individualized attention. This will make public education the highest priority. Experts should be put in charge of curriculum as non-partisans such that they can review any substantive changes to curriculum. The reviewed changes made on curriculum should be made public by the state board. Republican Party ignored the drop out crisis and did not propose any change or action to improve it. Republican Party also proposed that effective class size limits should be eliminated (Parmelee 134). They did not see any importance of effective class size limits on students and parents. Early childhood development: they oppose early childhood development and pre-kindergarten, as they believed that parents could train their children in their early development. They urged congress to remove government-sponsored programs that
Thursday, October 31, 2019
Middle East Conflicts - Essay Example Though history is replete with the countless wars fought between the followers belonging to divergent faiths, where both the sides asserted their claim to be the people of God, yet the Middle East crisis have witnessed over two centuries long clashes along with six decades long bloody struggle between the Jews and Muslims. Consequently, four wars have been fought between the two communities in order to win complete domination and hold in the region. Took place in 1948, 1967, 1973 and 2006, the Arab-Israel conflicts are the worst precedents of wars in the name of religion. Historical Background: During 19th century, when the nationalist movements began to emerge in Europe and Jews were being persecuted in Austria, Prussia and England by the orthodox Christians, the Jews started dreaming of acquiring their separate homeland, where no one could gather courage to hurt, humiliate and discard their community. Thus the Zionist movement came into being by the end of nineteenth century. The Jews started to shifting to Palestine and purchased land there en mass. Initially, the Arabs allowed them live side by side with them, but due to the continuous increase in Jewish population, the Arab nationalism emerged, and the young generation started resistance against further Jewish immigration in the region. Twentieth century brought the news of independence for countless nations in the aftermath of two Great Wars between the then superpowers of the world, which had weakened the UK, Germany, France, Austria and Japan. Palestine was under the subjugation of the Ottoman Empire till 1917, which was captured by the Allied Forces in the aftermath of WWI. The big powers allow the Jews to enter their Ã¢â¬Ëpromised landÃ¢â¬â¢ Israel in the neighborhood of Jerusalem, the most sacred area for Jews on the earth. It was really perturbing for the Arabs, who had been in majority and political domination in the entire region for
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Description of Target Audience - Essay Example The athletes have their own specific style of playing a sport. These audiences can identify the major positive outcomes or the concerns with the co-athlete. The athletes may be a serious resource in locating the best ways to crack a selection process. The athletes are the people who can rate the kind of effort you have had put in the game or event. So, the athletes are the valuable audience to validate your performance. The athletes serve as a word of mouth propaganda tool for promoting to an authenticate source. The sports institutions are the first major path which would open the competition to show case your skills in your concerns region. The athletic institutions are set up to capture the glimpse of the regional talent in a concerned region. The institutions are provided with the standards the athlete should meet on which the potential Olympic athlete can work on. The athlete institutions provide necessary infrastructure with the support of various government and private sports promoters. The tools and expertise provided in the institutions can add on for to focus more enhancing the performance level. The coaching these institutions provide for a group will certainly provide a platform to share the expertise among the peers. The potential athlete should therefore should therefore more conscious about the kind of sport he is into, the kind of institution he/she target, he/she should have a clear idea of the kind of the exposure he/she will get. The potential athlete should chalk down the selection process clearly to join the sports institution. The coaches are the knowledge banks about the intricities involved in the achieving the highest level of standards. A sports coach creates the right conditions for learning to happen and to provide the motivating factors both physically and mentally to the athletes. Athletes who are highly motivated to their task can seek the
Sunday, October 27, 2019
Patient Observation: Alzheimers, Disability and Autism (all names changed for confidentiality) I am going to discuss three patients I have been assigned to My 1stÃ patient is suffering with AlzheimersÃ memory loss My 2nd patient is suffering with A physical disability My 3rd client is suffering with autism Alzheimers and Memory Loss Accurate observation of client providing background information The patient I am working with is 80 years of age,(Leo) (name changed for confidentiality)Ã he is suffering with Alzheimers which is a memory loss, and he has 6 children and a wife who has passed away. He is having trouble remembering some names of his family, his son that admitted him he did not remember when brought back up in conversation, but he did remember one of his other sons when I mentioned him. He has been suffering with Alzheimers the past 6 years now and its been slow progressing. Detailed account of the challenges experienced by the client The challenges he is having is communication with others not sure of where he is or who he is, he gets lost in conversation unsure of what you sometimes do be asking him about his background and things he liked to do. I do know he was a hardworking man and was always out and about never stuck inside loved gardening and working, but now he is in a wheelchair and incapable of walking washing or shaving himself. Detail account of the competences demonstrated by the client He is very competent on feeding himself and having his cut of tea and cigarette, so I do bring him out for one anytime he needs or feels like having one. He likes to be well dressed in a suit most days especially a Sunday for Sunday mass he has not forgotten that is starts at 9am and ends at 11am. Description of current measures to assess client need Current measures at this present moment he has been admitted into the nursing home and has been here with us now the past 4 mounts. We have a secure and safe environment and also have good security measures in place such as cameras and a wrist band that tracks where the patients are at all times. Realistic suggestions and implementation plan to improve the quality of the life of the client The plan I do have to improve the quality of the clients life is asking his family to visit more often so he does not feel isolated and help him start remembering who they are bring him out for a walk in the gardens let him help plant flower pots on a table so he can still enjoy gardening we have activity to help with learning, doing arts and crafts such as painting or knitting, sing songs and play music that they enjoy, work on puzzles, look at books and newspapers he may like or watch movies that he has an interest in. Considered evaluation and description of personal learning outcomes I have learned what needs to be taken into consideration to make it more comfortable for him, to keep the patient safe and calm at all times the physical intellectual emotional social and spiritual that are implemented throughout the day are devices to help communicate better, activitys to help stimulate his brain his own wheelchair to help with mobility, and we make sure he is kept warm safe, washed and well groomed, to his own choice of clothing. Like what he had been doing in his everyday life before his Alzheimers got worse, and had to be admitted here. Physical disability Accurate observation of client providing background information The second patient I am working with is 83 year old (Margret)(name changed for confidentiality)Ã she is in her full senses. Until one morning she called her daughter to bring her to the bathroom and while she was left unattended, she had swollen knees and felt dizzy. This is what could have caused the fall she had. She had a fall earlier this year that stopped her from being independent, and walking she can walk a little bit but is too afraid in case she falls again, she nearly lost her life to that last fall. she has 5 children and a late husband that has passed, her children call almost every day like they have been doing so she has settled in and feels at home here with us. Detailed account of the challenges experienced by the client The challenges she is living with is she cannot walk much anymore and cant do the things she use to do, she was an independent woman and still at her age was making dinners, washing dishes washing cloths and hanging them out to dry on the line etc. she is incapable of washing herself without help and using the bathrooms so I go with her if she needs any helpÃ¢â¬ ¦ now she has to have all that done for her because she cant face the challenges anymore even though she would like to.. Detail account of the competences demonstrated by the client She is able to feed herself and always had a routine to where she was up at 8 in the morning and start preparing dinner for 1 o clock everyday afternoon after her breakfast, so I make sure her routines the same as it always has been. She likes her cups of tea so anytime she feels like having one I grab her a cup, she has pacific times for everything and I try my best to keep them the same as it always has been for her. Description of current measures to assess client need At the present moment she has been with us now for half a year and she seems quite happy with everything and the routine is going, we have a safe and secure environment and are helping her best we can. Realistic suggestions and implementation plan to improve the quality of the life of the client The plan I have to improve the quality of her life, we have got her own wheelchair that move by pressing buttons so she has a bit of independence and doesnt feel like someone always has to push her, she does walk a bit every morning with me not to much because she afraid she will fall again but its a start she trusts me to walk with her even if it is only a few steps. i bring her out into the gardenings for a stroll so she isnt always inside, and she loves knitting she has already made 3 blankets, she loves the evenings getting to do activity singing along to old songs like she use to do at home. Considered evaluation and description of personal learning outcomes I have taken into consideration to make it more comfortable for her, to keep the patient safe and make it feel just like home and never make her feel isolated or alone. I have learned that it must be hard on Margret one day being so independent and the next having to have it all done for her and depend on somebody else for everything, its hard because she was used to doing all the house work and now she is in a wheelchair and cant go or do the things she would like to do. This has made me more understanding and empathy when I listen to Margrets story. Autism Accurate observation of client providing background information My third patient Ciara is 63 and is suffering with a communication disability called autism, (name changed for confidentiality)Ã she has had it all he life. She has no children but has a lovely sister called Lilly who visits her every day. she still does not know why her and he sister are separated Lilly works Monday to Saturday and cant take care of her anymore. Detailed account of the challenges experienced by the client The challenges she is facing is communicating, Ciara has trouble reading and spelling making dinner or cups of tea, but loves to watch other people doing so. the challenge is to encourage Ciara to help and be independent. She gets very frustrated when she dose not want to try. Detail account of the competences demonstrated by the client She can feed herself and dress herself shes very keen on what outfits suit what day and loves the colour pink, Ciara loves her cups of tea and a walk around the garden she also like gardening singing and dancing, she is very adamant on having 2 showers a day once in the morning and once at night before bed time she likes to keep the same routine she has her walk at 4 oclock every evening when her sister comes to visit so Lilly brings her thats their time together Description of current measures to assess client needs At the moment she has been with us now for 2 years and is very happy with everything and the way her routine is, we have a safe and secure environment. She sees a speech therapist to help her communicate more with others, we have pictures around the room with the word underneath so she can understand what she need and wants, she gets a certain medicine called melatonin which helps her sleep. Realistic suggestions and implementation plan to improve the quality of the life of the client How we have improved the quality of her life is by going through the same routine she has always been in get her up in the mornings she has her shower and picks out what she is going to wear then she gets her coup of tea and breakfast at 11 she goes to the church here in out home to pray for an hour and plays activitys for 2 hours then she plays games such as snakes and ladders, chest and loves to sing and dance her sister Lilly comes in at the same time everyday which is 4 oclock and they go for a walk around the garden and for an hour when shes comes back in its dinner time after dinner she watches a film till she feels tired and looks for her bed time shower when she is out of the shower she gets her tea and goes to sleep so we keep her routine the same as we can every day. Considered evaluation and description of personal learning outcomes What I have learned about the patient is she does not like a change in her routine and points it out if there is one, she is a sweet lady with a sweet heart, very caring and loves to help out with any needs being, I let her follow me around while I make cups of tea and I play games with her and help her with her reading and spelling and its helped her a lot, she can now read some books, we also sing and dance at activitys and she loves it. Ive learned it is good to assist but its also good to encourage her to do thing herself.
Friday, October 25, 2019
The Evolution and Duties of Teaching Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Most people think that the only thing you need to do to be a teacher is to teach children. There are plenty of other tasks that follow. In the year of 1829, Samuel R. Hall in his Lectures on School Keeping maintained that many of the deplorable conditions in schools that were due to poor teaching, even going so far as to quote from a writer in the Journal of Education who claimed that Ã¢â¬Å"every person who is conscious of his imbecility in other business, esteems himself fully competent to train the ignorance and weakness of infancy, into all the virtue and power and wisdom of maturer years.Ã¢â¬ Hall started the first normal school to prepare teachers at Concord, Vt. in 1823. On July 3, 1839 the first state supported normal school started in Lexington, Mass. Training was progressed very slowly before 1850. During the next 100 Years the teacher education progressed rapidly. By 1890, there were 204 state, city, and private normal schools. Courses for teachers were offered in 114 colleges and universities. In 1950, there were 1,093 institutions preparing teachers; 432 were public, and 661 were private. In 1900 there were 172 public normal schools in the United States. Elementary teachers are also known as primary school teachers. They teach children from Kindergarten to sixth grade. Teachers introduce things like numbers, language, science, and social studies. They also teach the children how to develop into confident healthy young children. Teachers work real close with parents to help the children develop their full potential. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Elementary school teachers often teach a wide variety of subjects. Some teachers specialize in a couple of subjects and teach many different classes. They are very busy at all times. The stand in front of the students and teach. When they are not in the front of the classroom teaching they are putting together lesson plans for the upcoming days and correcting papers. Other parts of their job includes figuring out interesting and innovative ways to approach educational topics including; lectures, group discussions, hands-on activities, computer research, etc. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Teachers pass on academic subjects certain values and morals. Teachers watch childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s social skills and try to resolve any problems they see. They are also looking for accidents, signs of illness or any learning problems. They also look for any abuse areas that the child might face at home or any other place. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Teachers meet with other teachers to discuss things and to do
Thursday, October 24, 2019
Today, we were once again heavily bombarding the German lines. It was a routine thing nowadays. Some of the more experienced soldiers didnÃ¢â¬â¢t even notice the heavy German response bombardments that were every second posing a threat to their lives. As we heard a shell landing, we heard attentively just to make sure it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t coming direct on us and then, the colossal roar burst from the ground. Life here was getting rather monotonous, always the same routine, four days on the frontline then four days behind lines and then the same thing the following week or so. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t what the papers said up in England, they were written to hide the truth of the massacring that occurred at the battle of the Sommes for one example. Hundreds and thousands of corps lay motionless on the ground. General Haig believed that with heavy bombardments we could break through their lines. He was mistaken. Men were crushed by the machine-gun fire as if dry leaves and they lay there, untouched, rotting away in the muddy earth which emitted an incredibly pungent smell. The mud made it almost impossible to live in these trenches. The water was right up to my knees and there was nothing I could do about it. A lot of my comrades managed to get trench foot which was a disease which made your feet rot due to the fact that they remained submerged for hours if not days. Life was incredibly tough in the trenches, nothing like I had imagined it to be. I thought IÃ¢â¬â¢d come back as a war hero but from the English articles we read, it seemed to me as if none of our letters had been dispatched or if they had been intercepted in some way, to not allow our families know the real truth. They are made to believe that all is well and that the heroes that saved the French are close to victory. This was not true. Although General Haig did believe he made some progress today, it was nowhere near what we had hopes. The Germans knew about the attack and had built very effective means to defend themselves. They had built dig outs that were up to 12 metres deep underground. This was to protect from any sort of shell attack that the English and the French had. They also had very effective barbed wire that the English didnÃ¢â¬â¢t completely manage to destroy before the 200,000 men were sent over the top on a suicide mission. The weather was also very unpredictable some days it would be boiling hot and we would die of thirst waiting for something remotely interesting to happen and other times, we would fear for our lives when we could hear a shell whistling like a train in a tunnel, at which point, we would sink our head right into the mud and not rise until we heard a relatively near explosion. The dig-outs were a good initiative seeing as it has always been a fact that the best way to absorb shell shock is with earth. We heard that some of the accommodations for officers were rather nice in the dig-outs. They were full complete with a bed, a pump, and sometimes even some different food that they manage to bring along with them and place it in the cupboards. Everyday, there was fear of the new methods that the Germans had developed of attacking us. There was late news that gas attack was in use. Now it was regulation that we had to carry a mask with us at all times otherwise we could be gassed with new inventions such as the mustard gas which apparently burned right through your skin and you suffered a horrible and painful death. We were all worried about this new gas. We didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what it actually smelt like. Apparently, it had a pungent smell hence the name, mustard gas but most of my fellow soldiers feel that they would fall into panic if a gas attack was to take place One of the very few things which I feel is very positive about the whole trench warfare is the comradeship. I had made some pals that would risk their lives if it would mean saving mine. I had never experienced such a feeling until I came to the trenches. It was truly unique. Knowing that you would have to live with these people twenty four hours a day, seven days a week was a way of knowing that somebody would always be there for you. You would seriously bond with someone and would do anything to accomplish the promise you made them. This was particularly moving when one of your closest comrades dies in action and you feel you should have died with him or for him. The danger in the trenches was as dangerous on the front line as to get there. We would be exposed to heavy artillery fire in these measly little trenches that compared to the front line looked as if they were built for dwarves. When our men died, we buried them behind the trenches. It was a petty funeral, no service no nothing, just whoever wanted to attend to dig up a ditch and place his friends in there to rest in piece. It was up to you if you wanted to help seeing as there was always the chance of a stray bullet or a sniper hitting you as you were working. Most were left to rot. After a while, the trenches, with the wet weather deteriorated. There was no more a 4Ã¢â¬ ³ thick bullet-proof parapet to save your life; the walls of the trench had collapsed to make the trench into a mud bath with water which was to reach your knees. During the wet weather it was truly disgusting. Overall life in the trenches is pretty gross and unhygienic although, some officers did get treated rather well and the food that the English were given which was usually bully beef and jam was of a much higher quality than any other front line army. Diseases spread and people suffer of lack of sleep without forgetting the fact that everyone was homesick and wishing to see their families so basically, apart from making good friends and fighting for your country, the trenches must have been a rather appalling experience.
Wednesday, October 23, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"His behavior didnÃ¢â¬â¢t change. The object changed.Ã¢â¬ This is what psychologist at George Washington University, David Silber, stated when asked about the relation between Jeffrey DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood activities and his unspeakable crimes later on in life that traumatized civilians and MilwaukeeÃ¢â¬â¢s finest law enforcement. The name Ã¢â¬Å"Jeffrey DahmerÃ¢â¬ conjures images of his numerous brutal murders. However, as his violence was believed to be spurred by his childhood experiences, his court case and his capture involved some of the best, and worst, work done by the American justice system. As a young child, Jeffrey Dahmer had a considerably unusual childhood. In 1964, at the age of four, his father, Lionel Dahmer, noticed Jeffrey was developing an interest in the remains of small animals; while he was sweeping some out from underneath his house and placing them in a bucket, Jeff was thrilled by the sound they made (Ã¢â¬Å"Jeffrey DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s ChildhoodÃ¢â¬ ). That same year, according to a Ã¢â¬Å"Twisted MindsÃ¢â¬ web page article, he underwent a double hernia operation, which left him vulnerable and scared for he did not understand what was going on. By age six, Jeff and his family moved to Doylestown, Ohio, where his younger brother, David, was born and, according to Radford University, his teachers began reporting him feeling neglected. Only two years later, his family moved to Bath Township, Ohio, where his father claimed he had been sexually abused by a neighborhood boy (Ã¢â¬Å"DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s CompulsionsÃ¢â¬ ). Such a traumatic experience as this most likely would follow him throughout the rest of his life. By age ten, his hobbies evolved into somewhat of an addiction. Jeff had begun collecting road kill, bleaching chicken bones, decapitating rodents, and even taught himself how to use acid to strip the meat of dead animals from their bones (Ã¢â¬Å"ChildhoodÃ¢â¬ ). During his teenage life, those around Jeff began to notice some distressing changes occurring within him. According to Radford University, Jeff discovered alcohol at thirteen, and, by the time he was sixteen, he was sneaking scotch into his morning classes. He most likely took to alcohol because he felt unaccepted, as his peers began viewing him as desperate and lonely. His parents, Joyce and Lionel Dahmer, constantly quarreled and, just like any other teenager, he took their arguments to heart (Ã¢â¬Å"ChildhoodÃ¢â¬ ). In 1978, the same year Jeff graduated high school, his parents divorced and his mother gained custody of JeffÃ¢â¬â¢s younger brother, David (Ã¢â¬Å"DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s CompulsionÃ¢â¬ ). Former neighbor Susan Lehr spoke on his attitude and personality when these events were occurring, stating that, Ã¢â¬Å"something devastating [was] going on in his life and there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t anybody there to help him,Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"CannibalÃ¢â¬ ). This could have possibly been what sparked him to become the monster that the public know him as today. Jeff took his parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ divorce extremely hard. According to Los Angeles Times, his mother and brother moved to Wisconsin while his father stayed at a motel, leaving him alone in his house, feeling abandoned and developing an intense fear of loneliness. While alone in his house, Jeff claimed his first victim, hitchhiker Steven Hicks (Newton 46). When asked about the incident thirteen years later, 31-year-old Dahmer told police that Ã¢â¬Å"[Hicks] wanted to leave and I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want him to leave,Ã¢â¬ so, as a result, he killed him in order to keep him from doing so (Ã¢â¬Å"CannibalÃ¢â¬ ). Jeffrey Dahmer first came to authorityÃ¢â¬â¢s attention in October 1981 when he was placed under police custody for public intoxication and disorderly manner at a Ramada Inn (Yusof). According to NewtonÃ¢â¬â¢s serial killer encyclopedia, he was also arrested in 1982 for indecent exposure at the Wisconsin State Fair and again in 1986 for similar charges (47). At this point, his attraction to young individuals was becoming more and more noticeable. On September 26th, 1988, Dahmer was charged for sexually assaulting a thirteen-year-old Laotian boy at his Milwaukee apartment (Newton 47). During trial, Assistant District Attorney Gail Shelton urged to get Dahmer imprisoned for five to six years, saying that Ã¢â¬Å"it [was] absolutely crystal clear that the prognosis for treatment of Mr. Dahmer within the community [was] extremely bleakÃ¢â¬ ¦ and just plain [was not] going to work.Ã¢â¬ However, Judge William D. Gardener refused to send him to prison where psychiatric help was not available, and, instead, sentenced him to a one-year work release program at the Franklin House of Corrections for the rehabilitation of sex offenders (Yusof). On May 16th, 1991, police were informed about a naked and bleeding boy, named Konerak Sinthasomphone (coincidentally the brother of the Laotian boy of 1988), stumbling through the Milwaukee streets that lead back to DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s apartment (Newton 47). According to NewtonÃ¢â¬â¢s serial killer encyclopedia, Dahmer falsely told Officers John Balcerzak, Richard Porubcan, and Josheph Gabrish that Konerak was his nineteen-year-old lover who had drank a little too much which resulted in an argument between the two. After a bit of contemplation, the officers returned Konerak to DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s custody and considered it just a conflict between two homosexual lovers (Yusof). However, law enforcement had no idea that they would find one of the most gruesome scenes at that same location only two short months later. Tracey Edwards approached a Milwaukee police vehicle on July 22nd, 1991, hand-cuffed, drugged, and frightened, claiming to have escaped from Jeffrey DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s apartment (Montaldo). Arriving at his apartment a few moments later, the calm demeaned Dahmer tried to convince the officers that it was only a misunderstanding between him and Edwards. The officers, almost believing him, just narrowly returned Tracey to Dahmer, but, spotting Polaroid photos of bodies in various states of dismemberment, the shocked officers placed him under arrest instead (Ã¢â¬Å"CannibalÃ¢â¬ ). According to The History Channel Website, authorities found a house of horrors within the walls of the one-bedroom apartment: two human heads in the freezer and refrigerator, a fifty-seven-gallon drum of human torsos, limbs, and other various parts decomposing in acid, evid ence of cannibalism, and much, much more. A sight that startled, sickened, and scarred those investigating it for the rest of their lives. Later, Police Chief Philip Arreola of the Milwaukee Police Department and Mayor John O. Norquist launched an internal investigation, firing officers Balcerzak and Gabrish for failing to perform their police duties properly (in the case of Konerak Sinthasomphone), keeping officer Porubcan under close observation (Yusof). Standing trial in early 1992, of the courtroomÃ¢â¬â¢s one hundred seats, thirty four of them were reserved for DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s victimsÃ¢â¬â¢ mourning family members, twenty three seats for reporters, and the remaining forty three seats were open to the public while Dahmer was separated from the rest of the gallery by an eight-foot barrier, constructed out of bullet resistant glass and steel (Bardsley). It definitely was not the Ã¢â¬Å"normalÃ¢â¬ courtroom setting that most legal systems were accustomed to. Partaking in the legal drama was Judge Laurence C. Gram, Jr. , District Attorney Michael McGain, and defense lawyer Gerald Boyle who had defended Dahmer on prior occasions of his offenses (Bardsley). The Majority of the testimony was based on DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s one hundred and sixty-page confession where he acknowledged that he knew his actions were wrong, coming at a great expense, but, at the same time, was still uncertain of why he did them (Montaldo; Ã¢â¬Å"ConfessionÃ¢â¬ ). While Boyle stressed that the gruesome nature of his clientÃ¢â¬â¢s crimes was part of a strategy that only an absolute lunatic were capable of committing, the prosecution labeled Dahmer as Ã¢â¬Å"cold-bloodedly saneÃ¢â¬ and reasonably frightened of being discovered as he went to great length to avoid detection for so many years (Yusof). There was no question that he was aware of the consequences of his actions. According to the article Ã¢â¬Å"Jeffery DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s ConfessionÃ¢â¬ , Dahmer agreed to help the police in any way he possibly could to identify his victims in order to make restitution for the victimsÃ¢â¬â¢ families. On January 30th, 1992, according to MontaldoÃ¢â¬â¢s article Ã¢â¬Å"Profile of Serial Killer Jeffrey DahmerÃ¢â¬ , Jeffrey Dahmer pleaded guilty by reason of insanity before Judge Laurence C. Gram, Jr. However, as he was found sane enough to stand trial, Dahmer then pleaded not guilty despite the fact that he had already confessed to seventeen murders (Yusof). On February 15th, 1992, after deliberating for over five hours, the jurors found Dahmer fully responsible for his actions and guilty of first-degree intentional homicide on fifteen of the seventeen accounts (Ã¢â¬Å"ChildhoodÃ¢â¬ ). According to Ã¢â¬Å"Jeffrey Dahmer Case FileÃ¢â¬ , after his sentencing, Dahmer begged to be executed. After the horror he caused, hundreds of others would have been pleased with thtis outcome, as well. However, as Wisconsin had abolished capital punishment years prior to DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s case, he was instead sentenced to fifteen life sentences (a minimum of 936 years) without parole which he wo uld serve at the Columbian Correctional Institute in Portage, Wisconsin (Newton 48; Ã¢â¬Å"Profile of Serial KillerÃ¢â¬ ). At first, Dahmer was separated from the general population for his own safety, but, despite the many threats against his life, he refused protective custody (Ã¢â¬Å"Profile of Serial KillerÃ¢â¬ ; Newton 48). Later, Dahmer probably should have reconsidered this decision. According to the Encyclopedia of Serial Killers, the first attempt on DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s life was on July 3rd, 1994, when another inmate tried to slash his throat while he was praying in the prison chapel. Although this attempt failed and he walked away with only minor scratches, the story would not be the same for the next. On November 28th, 1994, only six months later, while Dahmer was cleaning a bathroom near the prison gym, twenty five-year-old inmate Christopher Scarver acquired an iron exercise bar and attacked Dahmer, crushing his skull and killing him (Newton 48). At first, according to NewtonÃ¢â¬â¢s Encyclopedia of Serial Killers, it was believed that Scarver murdered Dahmer for racial purposes as he, along with the majority of DahmerÃ¢â¬â¢s victims, was African American. However, later, it was proven that this notion was untrue. Scarver was deranged, believing he was on a mission from God and performing his Ã¢â¬Å"FatherÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ orders (Newton 48). Jeffrey Dahmer was an extremely, if not the most, notorious serial killer who conducted his misconducts in the United States. Not only did he rape, murder, and dismember his multiple victims, but he also admitted to sampling cannibalism. From experimenting on small animals as a child to doing the same to humans as an adult, some believe that his intense fear of loneliness, derived from his parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ divorce, drove him to commit these atrocious crimes, while others simply view him as a cold-blooded monster with the intention of destroying lives. Thanks to WisconsinÃ¢â¬â¢s legal system, along with determined police assistance, the clever, resourceful, and calm demeaned Jeffrey Dahmer who had floated through life, undetected for so many years, was incarcerated, removed from a position where he could do additional harm to society.