Saturday, May 23, 2020

Paradigm Shifts of Church History - 1486 Words

This essay is to discuss the six paradigm’s shifts as highlighted by Bosch. The six paradigms are; primitive Christianity; the patristic period; the Middle Ages; the Reformation; the Enlightenment; and the Ecumenical era[1]. Bosch’s title for the book is ‘Transforming Mission’. As described by Bosch in his foreword he talks about the title as ambiguous. â€Å"Transforming† can be an adjective used to describe â€Å"mission†. Mission can be understood as not the enterprise that transforms reality, but something that is itself being transformed. Let’s now look at the first paradigm shift. 1. Primitive Christianity â€Å"....go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching†¦show more content†¦Bosch noted that the Protestant missionary paradigm tended to vary from various extremes. Bosch shows that although the idea of mission was there among the Protestants, their involvement was limited. This was due to; (a) their primary task was to reform the church; (b) contact with non-Christians was little (c) they were struggling to survive; (d) denial of the monastic orders meant they denied themselves access to important services and (e) their own internal struggles. Luther’s reformation made little sense of this world, Calvinism in Holland (developed Luther’s doctrine of justification by faith) and Puritanism in England (the Protestant church regarded the Reformation of the Church of England as incomplete and sought to simplify and regulate forms of worship) did. Bosch then refers to Gisbertus Vo etius’s threefold model of the theology of mission. He sees these dimensions as; (a) conversion of the Gentiles (b) planting of the church and (c) the glory and manifestation of divine grace (he saw the churches of old and new standing as equal)[7]. Enlightenment Period Mission during this period was diverse and multifaceted than ever before. The change from medieval to enlightenment thinking made the supernatural redundant and theShow MoreRelatedThe Enlightenment Paradigm Shift Within The Era1628 Words   |  7 PagesThe Enlightenment Paradigm Shift The Enlightenment era, between the 1500s and 1800s was a predominately intellectual movement that saw the development of new ideas, major changes in Church-State relations and scientific discoveries that are still fundamental today. Until the Renaissance and Reformation period the Church, from the ancient to medieval ages, had total domination. The Renaissance era set the ball rolling for the Enlightenment with the beginning of scientific inquiry and search forRead MoreThe Medieval period started at the fifth century and end around the fourteenth century. Many900 Words   |  4 Pagescollapse of the roman empire, deaths of millions from the bubonic plague, a shift in paradigm for european’s world view, trade routes through europe, and the Norman’s conquest. The Roman church became very powerful and dictated peoples live through religion. During this time period, Kings and Queens while working alongside Christianity, gave society the worldview of feudalism. Due to fe udalism and fear of sinning against the church, human civilization had hit a roadblock and made no new discoveries inRead MoreDifferent Impacts on Religion1067 Words   |  5 PagesThis essay will compare and contrast these distinctions and their impact on religion. Therefore, although years apart, these two documents lead a paradigm shift, address what they believe to be â€Å"evils† plaguing their lands, and put power in the hands of the temporal authorities. The renowned individuals, King Louis XIV and Martin Luther, led a paradigm shift with their documents in different centuries. They set about to change religious structures, which had been in place in France and Germany sinceRead MoreBook Review on Transforming Mission4544 Words   |  19 PagesTRANSFORMING MISSION BOOK REVIEW (Paradigm Shifts in the Theology of Mission) (Author: David J. Bosch) This paper intends to analyze the writings of David J. Bosch in his book entitled â€Å"TRANSFORMING MISSION Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission:† This book review shall be presented in four (4) parts. First, is an introduction and a statement of the author’s intention for writing the book; secondly, a summary shall be presented about the major insights presented in this book. Thirdly, IRead MoreThe Issue Of Ministry At The Church1462 Words   |  6 PagesFor Katie, having grown up at the church where she served for six years, her investment is deep in the holistic potential of ministry, but the most painful conflict she experienced was the complications due to the ongoing friendships and boss relationships when conflict was not resolved properly. One of the biggest conflicts she had was when she had started to date someone that her boss could foresee red flags (because he mentored the young man as well), but didn t intervene because the boss didnRead MoreSelf, Na ture, The Universe !1012 Words   |  5 Pagesthan merely physical or emotional? Can you find the spiritual in all things other than church, the bible, forms of religion and doctrine? Is your heart open and light? Do you see your life as miracles, gratitude and blessings, rather than regret, failures and lessons? Can you recreate yourself? Consciousness is about being â€Å"awake† on many levels not merely awareness of a particular situation or man-made paradigm. Consciousness noun 1. the state of being awake and aware of one’s surrounding ConsciousnessRead MoreTheories Of Secularization1029 Words   |  5 Pagesin the face of these early theories and this â€Å"traditional† paradigm, as several periods of modernization in the United States (such as the nineteenth century) were also met with rapid growth in church membership. To explain this, debates have arisen among a variety of authors, whose competing theories all seek to fit the United States’ religious development within a larger schema. In response to this conflict of the â€Å"traditional† paradigm and the realities of religious development in non-EuropeanRead MoreThe Ten Pieces Of Knowledge1080 Words   |  5 Pageshaving a proper framework for analyzing history is much more important than merely giving facts 1) Culture, language, and religion never static. For example, 2,000 years ago the English were tribal pagans living in Northern Germany and the English they spoke would be gibberish to a modern English speaker. 2) There is no one version of history. It is important when studying history to keep a critical eye out for potential biases. 3) There is much more in history that we do not know than what we do.Read MorePolitics And Legal Trends : The Great Hope Church1238 Words   |  5 Pagespresence. The Great Hope Church is a Missionary Baptist Church that has been in establishment for one hundred twenty-five years, which makes the birth of the church around 1891. Of course, with the church being established or being in existence, they have undergone many changes. Churches are a non-profit organization but for the most part many of these non-profit organization are able to excel in revenue. Now, I want to make it clear as it relates to the Great Hope Church that ascertaining revenuesRead MoreCanterbury Tales Satire Analysis866 Words   |  4 PagesChaucer (A Discussion of Geoffrey Chaucer’s use of Satire in Canterbury Tales Directed Towards Church Hypocrisy, Class Nobility, and the Patriarchy) All well known, articulate speakers and writers throughout history use critical speaking techniques to rally support from those around them. One such tool is the use of satire in public speaking or writing. Satire is the combination of a poignant message along with sarcasm. Arguably the founder of Middle English, Geoffrey Chaucer was a mastermind in

Monday, May 11, 2020

The Cathedral of Raymond Carvers - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 473 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2017/09/24 Category Advertising Essay Type Argumentative essay Did you like this example? Through the conversation in the night between the blind man and the narrator, the narrator learned some valued lessons from the blind and from himself. These good lessons are not only for the narrator but also for us. In the beginning of the story, the narrator thought that the sighted man can see anything and of course he was better than the blind. However, from the blind mans stories about his life, the narrator learned that the blind man just was physical blind but he knew everything like a sighted man. When the narrators wife told him about the visit of the blind man, the narrators attitude towards the blind was not very pleased and unenthusiastic. Because the narrator looked down on the blind and he thought that the blind was useless and depressing. In contrast, the blind man was able to know and see everything happening around him. In the narrators mind, all the blind always use a cane and wear dark glasses but he didnt see these at the blind man. The blind man could know the television was turning on that was the color one. He said: this is a color TV, dont ask me how, but I can tell. Moreover, the blind man is an inquiring mind person. When the narrator changed channels on TV, the blind didnt mind and said Im always learning something. Learning never ends. It wont hurt me to learn something tonight. It was a reason why he had wide knowledge. He could not see anything but he gets ears. He learned by hearing. For instance, he said: I know they took hundreds of workers fifty or a hundred years to build †¦ I just heard the man say that, of course. In addition, his attitude towards the life is optimistic. He had a lot of friends in many countries while the narrator didnt have any friends. When the blind asked the narrator to describe how the cathedral is, it was so hard for him to describe it. At this time, the blind helped the non-blind to draw; as a result, they could draw a good picture while the narrator was keeping his eyes closed. Then, he recognized that he was worse than a blind man. Just within one night there is a significant change inside the narrator from a subjective and haughty person to a person who admitted that his idea was wrong. In short, the blind man was a very great person who knows how to overcome his handicap. He could take full advantage of his ears to collect any information in over the world. Just one night the narrator learned a lot from the blind man. He changed his point of view about the blind. One of the good lessons is that we shouldnt make an assessment on others based on their appearance. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Cathedral of Raymond Carvers" essay for you Create order

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

6 C’s of Communication Free Essays

Challenge Statement Kindergarten students should transition from books that offer chants, songs and memorized text to books that offer an opportunity to build decoding skills, sight vocabulary and slightly more difficult text. Instructional/Learning model specified Six C’s of Motivation will be used to expose the kindergarteners to diverse types of literature and to encourage a love of reading through the use of the Georgia Picture Storybook Award winners and nominees for the award. Explanation of Instructional/Learning model Students have been given the basic letters and letter sounds to learn with no choice. We will write a custom essay sample on 6 C’s of Communication or any similar topic only for you Order Now Now is the next step of turning the students into motivated readers. The 6 C’s of Motivation will be the ideal theory to put into practice with this next step. Choice – Giving the students a more challenging selection of books such as the Georgia Picture Storybooks award winners and nominees demands a large next step in enthusiasm from the student. A major reason for the program is to get students involved in reading without creating a scenario where failure seems inevitable. Students strive to meet a reading/learning challenge. Adding the next level of books to the classroom reading time and leisure time will help the students to focus on this reading goal. Challenge – Students strive to meet a reading/learning challenge. Adding the next level of books to the classroom reading time and leisure time will help the students to focus on their next reading goal. Control – When students are given a wide selection, and control over what topic of book to read then they feel like they have ownership in their task. If the topic of the book is interesting to them then they will be motivated to read and learn the new words. Collaboration – The kindergarteners enjoy their Book Buddy (5th grade students) time. Book Buddies will come in and select a book with their apprentice and take turns reading it to each other and discussing what is going on in the story. Constructive Meaning – If the MKO (Book Buddy/parent/teacher) shows an interest in the new level of reading books and find meaning in what is written then the student will also find meaning n the words, sentences and story. The student finds value in being able to read the story and find that others value what the students is reading to them. They need to be given an opportunity to write and speak what the story was about. Consequences – Students will be given the opportunity to share with their Book Buddy class the story that was read together. These opportunities to share what they read will include pictures and written text that summarizes the story. The event will conclude with an ice cream party. When students become motivated, they choose to practice reading books that are more and more challenging. The six C’s of Motivation provides six concepts that could be applied to encourage the development of intrinsic student motivation. As they continue to improve, they become even more excited about improving their reading skills. This process repeats itself while teachers, parents, and book buddies (MKO) praise the kids on their progress. The Six C’s of Motivation is the best choice of theories to use in this type of reading development. How to cite 6 C’s of Communication, Essay examples

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Second Life an Example by

Second Life Much has been written and spoken of regarding Second Life the Internet based virtual world founded, developed and managed by San Francisco-based Linden Research, Inc. (colloquially referred to as Linden Labs). Although Second Life has been around since 2003, it was not until late 2006 that it came to pop consciousness via coverage in mainstream news media. Second Life allows its participants to interact in a virtual environment that is not unlike the real world, except without many of the physical limitations the latter entails. Need essay sample on "Second Life" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Participants, referred to in-world as "Residents" (rather than members or users) because they have a stake in the world and how it grows. This supposition holds true given the fact that most of the content in Second Life is user-created rather than developed by Linden Labs. After the unceremonious act of registering an account and downloading the client software, your avatar -a 3-D graphical representation of one's self in the world - is introduced to the world via Orientation Island, where Residents learn the basics of communicating, traveling and interacting with objects and people. It took me some time getting used to this since the interface is rather unwieldy and cumbersome. Although movement controls are comfortably identical to those used in action games and some MMORPGs, many of the controls, such as those used for traveling, locating groups and accessing the inventory resemble an office application. Immediately after, Residents get transported to Help Island, where volunteer Residents help new ones with acclimatizing themselves to the world with tips and a freebie store provides Residents with their first taste of "content" such as scripts and clothes. Second Life's in-world geography can be divided into: Islands - small, independent "land" masses that are usually controlled by a private Resident or perhaps a real-world company looking to establish a presence in the game world. Mainland - the core continent of Second Life which is owned by Linden Lab and frequently populated by its own employees. Estates - a collection of regions that are privately owned in nature. Frequently these estates are governed by a single code of conduct, and may or may not be themed in nature. Although Second Life is frequently referred to by some as a "game", the fact that it lacks any clear cut goals, objectives or any other competitive aspects contradicts such a notion. Where MMORPGs (Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games) such as World of Warcraft and Ultima Online encourage players to develop abstracted skills and experience points by baking bread and fighting monsters, any competitive drives in Second Life are largely self-imposed due to the emergent social nature of the world. Almost everyone I spoke to seemed to make their claim in such a manner: locating an emergent social need and finding a way to fulfill it, or discovering something that can be done within the world that somehow accrues the Resident some status. Some make their stake by contributing to the content available in the world by sharing and trading objects and skins. Since I have absolutely no skills whatsoever with regards to coding or texture editing, I was completely unable to ingratiate myself within the "local" culture in such a manner. Although there is none of the traditional material limitations that object creation would have in a real world, the creation of these objects (and scripts) has effectively given Second Life an economy. The question of whether the economy is a real and sustainable one is a central question among academics and business publications fascinated by it. Created objects are tradeable commodities that have given the best object-makers some amount of status. When an object is well made, it becomes desirable and that desire/demand lends it some kind of value. Because of the frequently reported financial gains some Residents have made in trading digital commodities, particularly (un)real estate, there are many who hold similar aspirations of buying, developing and selling such virtual property. They do so by purchasing land -in real-world terms, dedicated CPU resources - from Linden Lab and using it to develop the value of such virtual spaces in order to be sold off to another party for a profit. Prior to signing up, I distinctly remember reading about Anse Chung, With all that said, Second Life basically operates as a social space where pretty much most of the social activities that one engages with "in the real world" have been approximated by users within its space. Some have taken to piping in music and video to create virtual concerts and virtual film screenings and other such virtual events, including but not limited to: charities, fund-raising, beauty pageants, education, seminars, contests and even sports. On a weekday, such an experience is reasonably enjoyable, but on weekends, server load issues can cause such events are ridden with lag, if they haven't already bogged down to a stand still. There is also a lot of sex in Second Life. Granted, it's no pervert utopia, but it is telling when a vast number of Residents I observed seemed preoccupied with flirting with avatars of the opposite sex. A lot of this involves chat-sex and Skype-sex. Another part of this involves dressing in a provocative style or using in-game gestures or user-scripted ones to approximate the movements of sex. At first, I found this odd because avatars in the nude have no gentialia. Upon further inquiry, I found out that you can buy them (I didn"t as I had no money). I'm certain that prudish hearts are thankful that sexual behavior and other similar acts of a graphic nature are forbidden outside of private areas. Other users with a more fantastical taste use Second Life to engage in role-playing sessions or create digital play areas for a various number of subcultures. I initially joined a group for the television program Jericho, but almost nothing was happening there. But a quick look at the group search function shows that just about any subculture is being represented within the world (and in the cases of those that don't, very well have the potential to be represented). For example, some Residents have modified their avatars from their default human appearance to look more androgynous, or sometimes non-human, as is the case with those who fantasize about having sex as anthropomorphic animals. Others use Second Life to re-enact popular worlds from science fiction and fantasy, or recreate historical periods from the past. Entire lands are devoted to a recreation of medieval Europe or Shogun-era Japan, while others focus on Star Trek and Dune. Generally speaking, Second Life is a whole lot friendlier than other virtual worlds. While MMORPGs tend to attract power-hungry individuals who like to make lives difficult for others, Second Life's power dynamic is built entirely on socialization. Any potential mischief made by others tends to be short-lived, and attempts to maintain such misbehavior quickly results in being effectively ostracized by the community. There just isn't much of a long-term career to be had at being a trouble Resident. Linden Labs makes their principles of etiquette pretty clear cut from the very beginning. During installation of the client software, they present six guidelines for the community"s standards, ominously referred to as the "Big Six". They are: 1) intolerance 2) harassment 3) assault 4) disclosure (of privacy) 5) indecency 6) disturbing the peace. From my experience, Residents are just as well behaved as the Big Six community standards expect them to be. But more than one Resident has implied that Linden Lab is not absolutely consistent in how they enforce these standards, and it is usually the Residents themselves who have to come up with clever ways to police others. Second Life most definitely provides a fascinating case study for emergent social behavior among humans since it recontextualizes most of that behavior into an environment that is still quite similar to the real world, but devoid of most of the tangible limitations of it. In fact, the only real problem that Second Life may suffer from is that its Residents can shape the world in any way they want it to be, something which can't be said for real life. Reference S.J.Watson "Second life" Toronto : Harpercollins Canada, 2017.

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Free Essays on Living Together

Should We Live Together? A careful review of the available social science evidence suggests that living together is not a good way to prepare for marriage or to avoid divorce. What's more, it shows that the rise in cohabitation is not a positive family trend. Cohabiting unions tend to weaken the institution of marriage and pose clear and present dangers for women and children. Living together before marriage is one of America's most significant and unexpected family trends. By simple definition, living together or unmarried cohabitation is the status of couples who are sexual partners, not married to each other, and sharing a household. By 1997, the total number of unmarried couples in America topped 4 million, up from less than half a million in 1960. It is estimated that about a quarter of unmarried women between the ages of 25 and 39 are currently living with a partner and about half have lived at some time with an unmarried partner (the data are typically reported for women but not for men). Over half of all first marriages are now preceded by cohabitation, compared to virtually none earlier in the century. Unlike divorce or unwed childbearing, the trend toward cohabitation has inspired virtually no public comment or criticism. It is hard to believe that across America, only thirty years ago, living together for unmarried, heterosexual couples was against the law. And it was considered immoral living in sin or at the very least highly improper. Women who provided sexual and housekeeping services to a man without the benefits of marriage were regarded as fools at best and morally loose at worst. A double standard existed, but cohabiting men were certainly not regarded with approbation. Today, the old view of cohabitation seems yet another example of the repressive Victorian norms. The new view is that cohabitation represents a more progressive approach to intimate relationships. How much healthier women are... Free Essays on Living Together Free Essays on Living Together Should We Live Together? A careful review of the available social science evidence suggests that living together is not a good way to prepare for marriage or to avoid divorce. What's more, it shows that the rise in cohabitation is not a positive family trend. Cohabiting unions tend to weaken the institution of marriage and pose clear and present dangers for women and children. Living together before marriage is one of America's most significant and unexpected family trends. By simple definition, living together or unmarried cohabitation is the status of couples who are sexual partners, not married to each other, and sharing a household. By 1997, the total number of unmarried couples in America topped 4 million, up from less than half a million in 1960. It is estimated that about a quarter of unmarried women between the ages of 25 and 39 are currently living with a partner and about half have lived at some time with an unmarried partner (the data are typically reported for women but not for men). Over half of all first marriages are now preceded by cohabitation, compared to virtually none earlier in the century. Unlike divorce or unwed childbearing, the trend toward cohabitation has inspired virtually no public comment or criticism. It is hard to believe that across America, only thirty years ago, living together for unmarried, heterosexual couples was against the law. And it was considered immoral living in sin or at the very least highly improper. Women who provided sexual and housekeeping services to a man without the benefits of marriage were regarded as fools at best and morally loose at worst. A double standard existed, but cohabiting men were certainly not regarded with approbation. Today, the old view of cohabitation seems yet another example of the repressive Victorian norms. The new view is that cohabitation represents a more progressive approach to intimate relationships. How much healthier women are...

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Three of the Best Truck Driver Jobs

Three of the Best Truck Driver Jobs The call of the open road beckons to millions of people every year. How do many of them answer? By accepting jobs as truck drivers. While the hours may be long, there are many benefits in truck driving - including job security. After all, the vast majority of the world’s goods are transported over roadways, and drivers are the ones responsible for making that happen every single day. But all truck driver jobs are not created equally. Wondering which are the best gigs? First, it’s important to understand that the term â€Å"best† is relative. Is your priority to gain access to the fabled trucker lifestyle or shorter hours? Big money or additional career enrichment opportunities? Let’s take a look at a few of the main truck driver jobs, along with how to get a leg up when it comes to landing a position.1. Heavy and Tractor-trailer Truck DriversAccording to the United State Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), there are currently mo re than 1.7 million heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers on the roads. And with a job outlook of 11 percent during the 10 year period between 2012 and 2022, workers in this industry can expect to remain in demand for years to come.If you’re looking for a decent salary with minimal educational requirements and training, look no further. These drivers - responsible for transporting goods between locations - make an average of just under $40,000 a year with no college degree required. Top drivers, however, can earn up to $60,000!Most trucking companies require that drivers attend professional truck driving school. Once hired, they may also undergo a short term of on-the-job training. Every long-haul trucker is also required to have a commercial driver’s license.If you’re thinking of going this route, keep in mind that it’s generally considered to be a lifestyle choice as much as it is a job. Why? Because drivers are on the roads and away from home for e xtended periods of time. Despite these personal costs, a long-haul trucking job answers a lifetime of dreams for many drivers.2. Delivery Truck Drivers and Driver/Sales WorkersNot interested in a life of traveling the country’s highways and byways? There are trucking jobs for you, too, although opportunities may become less plentiful in the years ahead. There are currently more than 1.2 million delivery truck drivers, but the job outlook is not as strong with just five percent growth - less than the national average - projected over between 2012 and 2022.According to the BLS, delivery truck drivers make an average of just over $27,500 a year and require only a high school diploma or its equivalent.Like long-haul trucking jobs, delivery jobs also include transporting goods, but in a more local context. In addition to simply driving the truck, some delivery workers also have additional sales responsibilities.Also, keep in mind that this delivery truck driving involves far mor e than just the behind-the-wheel part of the job description. Delivery truck drivers also have significant physical responsibilities, such as loading and unloading trucks, as well as handling paperwork.3. Unionized DriversWhile this category doesn’t pertain to a specific type of truck driver, it’s worth mentioning because of the many perks that go along with getting a union job.These drivers typically make the most money while also reaping the best benefits, such as overtime pay, sick leave, and insurance. While union dues may seem costly, the advantages are also strong.If you love to drive, don’t mind long hours on the road, and are looking for a stable job with a decent paycheck and relatively secure outlook for the future, the trucking industry may be for you.

Monday, February 17, 2020

Project governance structures and leadership Essay

Project governance structures and leadership - Essay Example Rio Tinto shares were listed in the ‘Australian Securities Exchange’, ‘London Stock Exchange’ and ‘New York Stock Exchange’. Headquarter of the company is situated in the UK and it was operating in 40 countries with around 71,000 employees. The main objective of the business is undergo the operation of ‘finding’, ‘mining’, and ‘processing mineral’ of the global resources. Furthermore, the company is engaged in the production of ‘metals’ as well as ‘minerals’ that includes ‘copper’, ‘gold’, ‘diamonds’, ‘uranium’, ‘aluminium’, ‘coal’ and other industrial minerals (1Rio Tinto, 2014). The aim of the essay is to analyse the current business model in terms of the project governance structures and leadership approaches of Rio Tinto Group. In this regard, an assessment is conducted with the aim of having a better understanding about the procedure based on which the company businesses approach in the global context. . The organisational structure of Rio Tinto Group is based on the hierarchical pattern i.e. top-down structure and the overall job role of the group is sub divided into separate departments. These departments are centrally accountable for the functional management linkage with the corporate management that consist of board level. The corporate management of the company includes the chairman, two executive directors and eight independent non-executive directors and presidents (2Rio Tinto, 2013). The company board regulates and evaluates the opportunities that need to put forward and strive to keep a balance between expenses and income of the business. The 2013 strategic report of the company reveals that board evaluates the planning reports and plays a supportive role to approve such plans. Sam Walsh is the chief executive of the company decision during the year 2013 is highly supported by the board level of implementing